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Lesnoy Zhurnal

The Influence of Chlorine-Containing Fertilizers on Metabolism of Spruce and Pine in the North Taiga Plant Communities

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V.N. Konovalov, L.V. Zarubina

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UDС

630*2:582.475

DOI:

10.17238/issn0536-1036.2017.3.100

Annotation

The effect of potash fertilizers with a high (potassium chloride) and low (potassium sulfate) content of chlorine on the physiological processes of spruce and pine, depending on the water regime of peat soil is studied. The introduction of potassium chloride as a mineral fertilizer for trees in peat soil leads to the potassium and chlorine accumulation in the needles.
Chlorine accumulates in large quantities (more than 50 %) in plants in drained soil, where the roots are well supplied with oxygen. Potassium chloride rapidly passes into the soil solution in waterlogged soil, and is carried out of the rooting horizon; so the substantial chlorine accumulation in the tree parts does not occur. The combined introduction of potassium chloride and nitrogen does not lead to the chlorine accumulation in spruce and pine, as a result of the antagonistic relationships between chlorine and nitrogen. Measuring the concentration of pigments, photosynthesis intensity, and the state of the energy-converting system demonstrates a significant decrease of these physiological parameters of plants, enriched by phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, in comparison with plants, fertilized by phosphorus only. These data suggest that the main cause of the violation of physiological and growth processes in plants is the negative effect of chloride ions on the chloroplasts; since we observe their intensification in the sites with the phosphorus introduction. The combining use of potassium chloride and potassium sulfate as a mineral fertilizing of trees confirms the assumption of a negative effect of chloride ions on woody plants, which is particularly intensified in the drained soil. The use of potassium chloride as a mineral fertilizer for trees in order to increase their productivity without the participation of nitrogen is the undesirable and even harmful forest management activity. This leads to the fact that the effectiveness of complex fertilizers for woody plants with chlorine-containing potash fertilizers is significantly reduced.

Authors

V.N. Konovalov1, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor L.V. Zarubina2, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor

Authors job

1Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Naberezhnaya
Severnoy Dviny, 17, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation;
e-mail: v.konovalov@narfu.ru
2Vologda State Dairy Farming Academy by N.V. Vereshchagin, ul. Pankratova, 9a, bl. 7, Molochnoe, Vologda, 160555, Russian Federation; e-mail: liliva270975@yandex.ru

Keywords

chloride ion, potassium chloride, potassium sulfate, physiological process, spruce, pine, peat soil moisture.

For citation

Konovalov V.N., Zarubina L.V. The Influence of Chlorine-Containing Fertilizers on Metabolism of Spruce and Pine in the North Taiga Plant Communities. Lesnoy zhurnal [Forestry journal], 2017, no. 3, pp. 100–113. 10.17238/issn0536- 1036.2017.3.100

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The Influence of Chlorine-Containing Fertilizers on Metabolism of Spruce and Pine in the North Taiga Plant Communities

 

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