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Lesnoy Zhurnal

Decorative Effect of Аésculus hipocástanum under the Conditions of Novocherkassk Urban Landscape

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I.I. Revyako, V.S. Manchenko, E.I. Revyako

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UDС

630*176.322:630*181.61:630*453

DOI:

10.17238/ issn0536-1036.2019.1.52

Annotation

Decorative effect analysis results of 410 even-aged horse chestnut trees (Aésculus hippocástanum) growing in urban areas of the south-west of Rostov region (Novocherkassk historical part) are represented in the article. Esthetical features were considered by a scale of comprehensive assessment of plant decorative effect. Dynamics of the decorative effect were associated with chestnut phenophases and their inherent resulting temperature sums. According to the research results the maximum decorative effect of the chestnut can be observed during the flowering stage for 22 days. Crown architectonics is a key esthetical plant feature. However, environmental threats affect the chestnut habit. Thus, the impact of dry winds against the background of low air humidity leads to leaf edge burns. Chestnut has widely been damaged by the horse chestnut leaf miner (Cameraria ohridella) since the beginning of the 21st century. Leaf necrosis occurs as a result. This is more due to entomological factor. Cumulative damage of assimilation apparatus caused by leaf miner and burn leads to successive dechromation, deformation and defoliation of leaves and increasing of crown openness. Ultimately, this affects the timescales and degree of the plant decorative effect. It was established that the rhythmic character determined by the chestnut phenology and its habitat is peculiar to urban areas esthetics. The research results are of scientific and practical interest to landscape architects, green space workers, ecologists, who work on a program basis of creating a comfortable urban environment.

Authors

I.I. Revyako1, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor
V.S. Manchenko1, Master Degree Student
E.I. Revyako2, Postgraduate Student

Authors job

1Novocherkassk Engineering and Land Reclamation Institute named after A.K. Kortunov, Don State Agrarian University, ul. Pushkinskaya, 111, Novocherkassk, Rostov Region, 346428, Russian Federation; е-mail: Igor2165@yandex.ruvmanchenko96@gmail.com
2SFedU Engineering and Technology Academy, per. Nekrasovskiy, 44, korp. D, Taganrog, Rostov Region, 347922, Russian Federation; e-mail: ekaterina-revyako@yandex.ru

Keywords

horse chestnut, decorative effect, leaf necrosis, horse chestnut leaf miner, crown openness

For citation

Revyako I.I., Manchenko V.S., Revyako E.I. Decorative Effect of Аésculus hipocástanum under the Conditions of Novocherkassk Urban Landscape. Lesnoy Zhurnal [Forestry Journal], 2019, no. 1, pp. 52–62. DOI: 10.17238/ issn0536-1036.2019.1.52

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Received on April 23, 2018


Decorative Effect of Аésculus hipocástanum under the Conditions of Novocherkassk Urban Landscape

 

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