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Lesnoy Zhurnal

Age-Class Composition of Spruce Undergrowth of Different Phenological Forms Depending on the Stand Composition and Structure

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A.S. Matveeva, N.V. Belyaeva, D.A. Danilov

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UDС

630*231

DOI:

10.17238/issn0536-1036.2018.1.47

Annotation

The article considers the relationship between the canopy of the stand and the age-class composition of the phenological forms of spruce undergrowth. The analysis was carried out for the conditions of a moss group of forest types in the forest fund of the Leningrad Region. The undergrowth inventory was performed by the statistical sampling method on circular plots (10 m2), laid at the same distance from each other. Spruce undergrowth under the canopy was divided into three groups of heights (small, medium, large) and three phenological forms (early, transitional, late) during the inventory process. Studies of natural regeneration of spruce under the canopy were conducted in 2011, 2014 and 2015 in the territory of the experimental forestry “Siversky Forest” in the Kartashevskiy, Orlinskiy, Druzhnoselskiy and Ontsevskiy forest districts of the Gatchina Forestry in the Leningrad Region (the objects were laid in 1929, 1970 and 1980), and also in the territory of the ecological permanent study area located in the Lisino district forestry of the scientific-experimental forestry in the Leningrad Region (the objects were laid in 1981−1982). The average age of spruce undergrowth according to phenological forms differed. The authors marked the smallest average age in undergrowth of the late form; the average age of undergrowth of the early and transitional forms was 2−4 years longer. This pattern was typical for both vigorous and unviable undergrowth. With increasing of relative density, age and stock of stands, the age of undergrowth of all phenological forms increased, regardless of the size categories and the state of health. Based on the results obtained we can conclude that the age-class composition of spruce undergrowth is affected by the illumination regime under the canopy of the stand. The highest age of the young generation of spruce is noted in conditions of the sorrel forest type.

Authors

A.S. Matveeva, Postgraduate Student
N.V. Belyaeva, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor
D.A. Danilov, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor

Authors job

Saint Petersburg State Forest Technical University under name of S.M. Kirov, Institutskiy per., 5, Saint Petersburg, 194021, Russian Federation; e-mail: petkina92@mail.ru, galbel06@mail.ru, stown200@mail.ru

Keywords

coniferous stand, spruce natural regeneration, phenological forms and age-class composition of spruce undergrowth

For citation

Matveeva A.S., Belyaeva N.V., Danilov D.A. Age-Class Composition of Spruce Undergrowth of Different Phenological Forms Depending on the Stand Composition and Structure. Lesnoy zhurnal [Forestry journal], 2018, no. 1, pp. 47–60. DOI: 10.17238/issn0536-1036.2018.1.47

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Received on September 06, 2017


Age-Class Composition of Spruce Undergrowth of Different Phenological Forms Depending on the Stand Composition and Structure

 

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