Address: 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk 163002 Russian Federation. Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V.Lomonosov. Office 1425

Phone / Fax: (818-2) 21-61-18



Resource Potential of Melliferous Plants of the Steppe Don Region. P. 51–64

Версия для печати
Creative Commons License
These works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Irina D. Samsonova

Complete text of the article:

Download article (pdf, 3MB )






Melliferous lands comprise the categories of forest fund lands, where melliferous plants and plants that provide high pollen yield grow. Bees pollinating entomophilous plants are 6–10 times more beneficial to forest lands compared to the favours from productive honey flows. The research objectives included identifying the features of the ecological and biological characteristics of melliferous plants of the Fabacea family, specifying the onset, duration and intensity of flowering, determining the sugar content in the nectar of one flower and honey productivity in the steppe Don region. Registration plots were laid out by the route method for the assessment of melliferous resources and determination of the resource potential of forest lands. Necessary observations, registration work, mathematical and statistical data processing were carried out according to the generally accepted methods. The territory of the steppe Don region, where the forest fund lands of the Rostov region are located, has favorable weather conditions and a rich forage base for bees. Тhe honey potential of the studied resources is a dynamic indicator and is of interest both for forest beekeeping and for scientific research. We used the sums of effective temperatures to determine the flowering sequence and characteristics of melliferous plants. The dwarf Russian almond blossoms first among arboreal melliferous plants of the legume family, while the Japanese pagoda tree blossoms last in the middle of the summer honey flow period. Black locust forest stands (497 kg/ha), lands dominated by Japanese pagoda tree (484 kg/ha) and honey locust (245 kg/ha) have the highest honey productivity. The research results showed that the black locust plantations with a bioresource potential of 7111.29 ton in the eastern and central areas of the region are significant for honey flow on the forest fund lands. Forest lands with predominance of spring melliferous plants of boxthorn and dwarf Russian almond on non-forest lands of the forest fund provide a supporting honey flow with a bioresource potential of 2749.168 ton. The studies that were carried out are of practical importance and will allow determining the resource potential of forest lands for honey flow more accurately in the future. In case of a high level of forestry and beekeeping practices, even under adverse weather conditions during nectar harvesting, it will be possible to obtain a productive honey flow, while ensuring timely and effective pollination of forest plants.


Irina D. Samsonova, Doctor of Biology, Assoc. Prof.; ResearcherID: AAE-9327-2021, ORCID:


Saint-Petersburg State Forest Technical University named after S.M. Kirov, Institutskiy per., 5, Saint Petersburg, 194021, Russian Federation;


melliferous plants, Fabacea, honey plants of Fabacea family, black locust, honey productivity, resource potential, forest fund, honey flow, Rostov region, steppe Don region

For citation

Samsonova I.D. Resource Potential of Melliferous Plants of the Steppe Don Region. Lesnoy Zhurnal = Russian Forestry Journal, 2023, no. 1, pp. 51–64. (In Russ.).


  1. Gubeladze E. Bioecology of Some Melliferous Woody Legumes Common in Imeretia and Their Use: Cand. Agric. Sci. Diss. Abs. Tbilisi, 2006. 24 p. (In Russ.).

  2. Kerestesi S. Black Locust Forest is the Base of Hungarian Beekeeping. Apiacta, 1984, no. 1, pp. 1–9. (In Russ.).

  3. Klimenkova E.T., Kushnir L.G., Bachilo A.I. Melliferous Plants and Honey Flow. Minsk, Uradzhay Publ., 1981. 280 p. (In Russ.).

  4. Kositsyn V.N. A Forest Melliferous Plant – Black Locust. Pchelovodstvo, 2009, no. 4, pp. 18–19. (In Russ.).

  5. Kucherov E.V., Siraeva S.M. Melliferous Plants of Bashkiria. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1980. 128 р. (In Russ.).

  6. Liventseva E.K. On the Method of Determining the Nectar Productivity of Plants. Pchelovodstvo, 1954, no. 11, pp. 33–39. (In Russ.).

  7. Meged’ A.G., Polishchuk V.P. Beekeeping. Kiev, Vyshcha shkola Publ., 1990. 325 p. (In Russ.).

  8. Pel’menev V.K., Kharitonova L.F. Melliferous Plants of the Legume Family. Pchelovodstvo, 1986, no. 2, pp. 13–14. (In Russ.).

  9. Samsonova I.D. Evaluation of Nectariferous Resources on Forest Lands of the Rostov Region. Lesnoy Zhurnal = Russian Forestry Journal, 2015, no. 1, pp. 45–53. (In Russ.).

  10. Samsonova I.D. Melliferous Capacity of Plant Formations in Forest Area Lands of the Steppe Don Region. Lesnoy Zhurnal = Russian Forestry Journal, 2017, no. 4, pp. 69–83. (In Russ.).

  11. Samsonova I.D., Sidarenko P.V. Melliferous Plants of the Lower Don. Novocherkassk, NGMA Publ., 2011. 114 p. (In Russ.).

  12. Sidarenko P.V., Samsonovа I.D., Bogdanovа I.B., Malashchuk V.V., Vlasenko A.A., Sidarenko D.P., Zhukov R.B. Evaluation, Use and Improvement of Bioresource Potential of Forests and Farmlands for Honey Flow in the Rostov Region. Novocherkassk, 2010. 47 р. (In Russ.).

  13. Sukhanova L.V., Kotov M.M. Forest Resources of Beekeeping. Pchelovodstvo, 2000, no. 6, pp. 23–24. (In Russ.).

  14. Bradbear N. Bees and Their Role in Forest Livelihoods. Rome, FAO Publ., 2009, no. 19. 194 p.

  15. Hill D.B., Webster T.C. Apiculture and Forestry (Bees and Trees). Agroforestry Systems, 1995, vol. 29, iss. 3, pp. 313–320.

  16. Kremen C., Williams N.M., Bugg R.L., Fay J.P., Thorp R.W. The Area Requirements of an Ecosystem Service: Crop Pollination by Native Bee Communities in California. Ecology Letters, 2004, no. 7, iss. 11, pp. 1109–1119.

  17. Oddo L.P., Piro R., Bruneau E., Guyot-Declerck Ch., Ivanov T., Piskulova J. et al. Main European Unifloral Honeys: Descriptive Sheets. Apidologie, 2004, vol. 35, iss. suppl. 1, pp. S38–S81.

  18. Perušić A. Šuma u pčelarskoj privredi. Šumarski list, 1961, vol. 85(1-2), pp. 46–50.

  19. Rybak-Chmielewska H., Szczęsna T., Waś E., Jaśkiewicz K., Teper D. Characteristics of Polish Unifloral Honeys IV: Honeydew Honey, Mainly Abies alba L. Journal of Apicultural Science, 2013, vol. 57, iss. 1, pp. 51–59.

  20. Srdić D. Važnost pčelarstva za šumarstvo. Šumarski list, 1946, vol. 1-6, pp. 55–56.


Make a Submission


Lesnoy Zhurnal (Russian Forestry Journal) was awarded the "Seal of Recognition for Active Data Provider of the Year 2024"