Address: 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk 163002 Russian Federation. Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V.Lomonosov. Office 1425

Phone / Fax: (818-2) 21-61-18



Study of Physical and Mechanical and X-Ray Protection Properties of Wood-Based Composite Laminated Material “Fanotren B”

Версия для печати
Creative Commons License
These works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

I.V. Yatsun, A.G. Gorokhovskiy, S.A. Odintseva

Complete text of the article:

Download article (pdf, 0.6MB )




10.17238/ issn0536-1036.2019.3.110


Physical and mechanical and x-ray protection properties of new wood-based composite material “Fanotren B”, which consist of alternating layers of peeled birch veneer and reinforcing x-ray protective layers, are studied. The x-ray protective layer is nonwoven fabric – sintepon impregnated with x-ray protective composition; consist of barium sulfate, adhesive based on polyvinyl acetate dispersion and water. The material is recommended to be used in construction and decoration of premises in the areas with high radiation background. A distinctive feature of the developed material is the absence of lead and materials based on it. We had the following research objectives: to study the stress strain behavior of the material; to determine the balanced formulation of saturating composition for the x-ray protective layer; to evaluate its physical and mechanical properties. The stress – strain ratio of the ma-terial was simulated by the finite element method, the physical and mechanical properties were evaluated by the standard methods, the protective properties of the x-ray protective layer were measured by the lead equivalent of the image transparency on the radiograph with the use of lux meter. Theoretical studies have shown that the behavior of metal faced plywood under external load is described by the Sophie Germain’s equation with acceptable accuracy. The modeling was carried out on a solid model, which took into account mechani-cal properties of the materials included in the design and scheme of laying out the veneer layers. The developed model of the stress strain behavior has showed that the decrease of the protective layer thickness leads to the increase of deflections and stresses in it. Computer simulation revealed the stress increase in the areas of bonding the material protective layer and outer side of veneer. The impregnating composition was determined experimentally: mineral filler content is 51 %, binder content is 26 %, and water content is 23 %. The technological modes of composite laminated material formation were determined: binder consumption is 176 g/m2; pressing temperature is 50 ºС; gluing time is 8 min. The material with the thickness of 9.5 mm has density of 1600 kg/m3; a lead equivalent is 0.54 mm Pb/mm; cross-breaking strength along the outer layers is 39 MPa; shear strength along the adhesive layer is 1.34 MPa; tensile strength along the fibers is 53 MPa.


I.V. Yatsun, Candidate of Engineering, Assoc. Prof.; ResearcherID: G-7651-2019, ORCID: 0000-0003-3195-2410
A.G. Gorokhovskiy, Doctor of Engineering, Prof.; ResearcherID: O-6030-2018, ORCID: 0000-0001-8847-8217
S.A. Odintseva, Candidate of Engineering, Senior Lecturer; ResearcherID: G-7837-2019, ORCID: 0000-0002-6765-3941


Ural State Forest Engineering University, ul. Sibirskiy trakt, 37, Yekaterinburg, 620100, Russian Federation; e-mail:


composite material, metal faced plywood, X-ray protection, ionizing radiation protection, laminated wood-based material, composite plywood, stress strain behavior, physical and mechanical properties

For citation

Yatsun I.V., Gorokhovskiy A.G., Odintseva S.A. Study of Physical and Mechani-cal and X-Ray Protection Properties of Wood-Based Composite Laminated Material “Fanotren B”. Lesnoy Zhurnal [Forestry Journal], 2019, no. 3, pp. 110–120. DOI: 10.17238/ issn0536-1036.2019.3.110


1. Abushenko A.V. What are Composite Materials? Available at: (accessed 25.01.19).
2. Andreev V.N., Gerasimov Yu.Yu. Making Optimal Decisions: Theory and Appli-cation in the Forest Complex. Finland, Joensuu University Publ., 1999. 200 p.
3. Vetoshkin Yu.I., Kotsyuba I.V., Yatsun I.V., Odintseva S.A. General Approach to the Calculation of the Stress Strain Behavior of the Composite Material “Fanotren B” with the X-Ray Protective Properties. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta lesa – Lesnoy vestnik [Forestry Bulletin], 2007, no. 8, pp. 149–151.
4. Vetoshkin Yu.I., Yatsun I.V., Kotsyuba I.V. Operational Properties of Wood-Based Composite Materials: Monography. Yekaterinburg, USFEU Publ., 2018. 100 p.
5. Vetoshkin Yu.I., Yatsun I.V, Tsoy Yu.I. Composite Laminated Material «Fanotren». Izvestia Sankt-Peterburgskoj Lesotehniceskoj Akademii [News of the Saint Pe-tersburg State Forest Technical Academy], 2015, no. 210, pp. 149–156.
6. Volynskiy V.N. Technology of Laminated Materials. Arkhangelsk, ASTU Publ., 1998. 229 p.
7. Golubev B.P. Dosimetry and Ionizing Radiation Protection. Moscow, Gosudar-stvennoye nauchno-tekhnicheskoye izdatel’stvo energeticheskoy literatury, 1963. 336 p.
8. Leonov V.V., Artem’yeva O.A., Kravtsova E.D. Materials Science and Technolo-gy of Composite Materials: Lecture Course. Krasnoyarsk, SibFU Publ., 2007. 241 p.
9. Matthews F.L., Rawlings R.D. Composite Materials. Engineering and Science. Moscow, Technosphera Publ., 2004. 408 p.
10. Odintseva S.A., Isakov S.N., Yatsun I.V. Analysis of Stress Strain Behavior of Wood-Based Laminated Material of Special Purpose. Derevoobrabativaushaya promishlen-nost’ [Woodworking Industry], 2017, no. 4, pp. 34–40.
11. Sidorov V.N. Lectures on Mechanics of Materials and Theory. Moscow, Printing and Publications Center of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, 2002. 352 p.
12. Yatsun I.V., Vetoshkin Y.I., Shishkin S.B. Application of Waste Wood of Processing Industries in the Manufacture of Construction Materials with Specific Properties. Lesotehniceskij zurnal [Forestry Engineering Journal], 2014, vol. 4, no. 3(15), pp. 220–229.
13. Bekhta P., Salca E.-A. Influence of Veneer Densification on the Shear Strength and Temperature Behavior inside the Plywood during Hot Press. Construction and Building Materials, 2018, vol. 162, pp. 20–26. DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.11.161
14. Bekhta P., Sedliacik Y. Effect of Surface Treatment on Bondability of Birch Veneer with PF Resin. International Wood Products Journal, 2015, vol. 6, iss. 2, рр. 49–52. DOI: 10.1179/2042645314y.0000000089
15. Gilbert B.P. Compressive Strength Prediction of Veneer-Based Structural Prod-ucts. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 2018, vol. 30, iss. 9. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0002417
16. Kajaks J., Kalnins K., Reihmane S., Bernava A. Recycled Thermoplastic Polymer Hot Melts Utilization for Birch Wood Veneer Bonding. Progress in Rubber Plastics and Recycling Technology, 2014, vol. 30, iss. 2, pp. 87–102. DOI: 10.1177/ 147776061403000202
17. Popovska V.J., Antonovic A., Iliev B. Compressive Strength of Composite Wood-Based Panels. 26th International Conference on Wood Science and Technology (ICWST) Implementation of Wood Science in Woodworking Sector, 2015. Zagreb, Šumarski fakultet, 2015, pp. 111–117.
18. Popovska V.J., Iliev B., Zlateski G. Impact of Veneer Layouts on Plywood Tensile Strength. Drvna Industrija, 2017, vol. 68(2), рр. 153–161. DOI: 10.5552/drind.2017.1634
19. Shamaev V., Efimova T., Ishchenko T. Production of High Strength Plywood from Birch Wood. Acta facultatis xylologiae Zvolen, 2018, vol. 60(2), рр. 135–141. DOI: 10.17423/afx.2018.60.2.13
20. Spulle U., Lipinskis I., Tuherm H. Some Bending Properties of I-Joists Made with Birch Laminated Plywood Panels. Drewno, 2017, vol. 60, nr. 200, pp. 125–134. DOI: 10.12841/wood.1644-3985.157.09

Received on January 30, 2019

Study of Physical and Mechanical and X-Ray Protection Properties of Wood-Based Composite Laminated Material “Fanotren B”


Make a Submission


Lesnoy Zhurnal (Russian Forestry Journal) was awarded the "Seal of Recognition for Active Data Provider of the Year 2024"