Fraud Warning
We officially declare that NO MONEY from authors and members of the Editorial Board IS CHARGED! A big request to ignore spam e-mails.

Address: 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk 163002 Russian Federation. Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V.Lomonosov. Office 1425

Phone / Fax: (818-2) 21-61-18
E-mail: forest@narfu.ru
http://lesnoizhurnal.ru/en/

Archive

Preservation and Growth of Pine Cultivated by Ball-Rooted Planting Stock in Karelia

Версия для печати
Creative Commons License
These works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

A.I. Sokolov, V.A. Kharitonov, A.N. Pekkoev, T.I. Krivenko

Complete text of the article:

Download article (pdf, 0.5MB )

UDС

630*232

DOI:

10.17238/issn0536-1036.2015.6.46

Annotation

Ball-rooted planting stock (BRPS) has been increasingly used in Russia for reforestation of felled sites. In Karelia, the forest plantation ratio cultivated by ball-rooted planting stock in 2004 was 24 % of total planting. The work objective is to assess the performance of pine BRPS in different types of forest growth conditions. The surveys covered 35 planted sites: 8 sites located in the northern taiga and 27 – in the middle taiga. In the northern taiga subzone the basic attrition of seedlings was recorded in the sites of felled crowberry-cowberry and crowberry-bilberry pine stands in the first three years after planting. The cause of mortality of pine seedlings was the large pine weevil, Hylobius abietis L., injuries and snow blight (phacid-iosis). In the middle taiga in the first decade the pine seedlings in the sites of felled cowberry pine stands showed high seedling percent – over 80 %. The establishment rate in the sites of felled bilberry pine and spruce stands was lowered by the large pine weevil on drained loamy sand soils, and by drowning of the saplings planted in microdepressions left by scarifiers in loamy and moist loamy sand sites. Survival under these conditions was further deteriorated by suppression by herbaceous vegetation. In some sites there are about 38 % of planted pines were damaged by pine shoot moth, Evetria turionana, resulting a lower height increment. One of the sites with 6-year-old crops featured crooked trunk. Soil excavation showed the heavily distorted root systems of the plants. Presumably, the reason was a long stay of the seedlings in the sites of completion of growing. Conservation of plantation older than 10 years ranged widely – from 0 to 88 %. It mostly depended on soil fertility and the quality of silvicultural tending. Planted pine prevailed in the young stands only at the heavy cleaning sites. Thus, timely and proper tending of pine plantations at all stages is a pre-requisite for high-productive cultivation of coniferous stands.

Authors

A.I. Sokolov, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor V.A. Kharitonov, Management Engineer A.N. Pekkoev, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Research Officer T.I. Krivenko, Management Engineer

Authors job

Forest Research Institute, Karelian Research Centre of RAS (FRI KarRC RAS), Pushkinskaya st., 11, Petrozavodsk, 185910, Russian Federation; e-mail: pek-aleksei@list.ru

Keywords

pine plantation, ball-rooted planting stock, conservation.

References

1. Barakhovskiy I.A., Gorbochenko M.E. Razvitie odnoletnikh seyantsev nekotorykh khvoynykh porod introdutsentov v konteynerakh razlichnogo ob"ema [Development of One-Year-Old Seedlings of Some Introduced Coniferous Species in Pots of Different Size]. Tekhnologiya sozdaniya i ekologicheskie aspekty vyrashchivaniya vysokoproduktivnykh lesnykh kul'tur [Technology Creation and Environmental Aspects of Cultivation of Highly Productive Plantations]. Saint Petersburg, 1992, pp. 42–47. 2. Egorov A.B., Trofimov L.N. Perspektivy ispol'zovaniya gerbitsidov pri obrabotke pochvy pod kul'tury sosny i eli [Prospects of Use Herbicides at Site-Preparation Treatment Before Planting Pine and Spruce Seedlings on Cutover]. Izvestiya SPbLTA, 2009, vol. 189, pp. 70–80. 3. Krutov V.I. Gribnye bolezni khvoynykh porod v iskusstvennykh tsenozakh taezhnoy zony Evropeyskogo Severa SSSR [Fungal Diseases of Conifers in Planted Communities in the Boreal Zone of the European North of the USSR]. Petrozavodsk, 1989. 208 p. 4. Krutov V.I., Volkova I.P. Lesopatologicheskoe sostoyanie estestvennogo vozobnovleniya i lesnykh kul'tur khvoynykh porod [Forest Pathology Characteristics of Natural Regenerating and Planted Coniferous Forests]. Lesovosstanovlenie v Karel'skoy ASSR i Murmanskoy oblasti [Reforestation in the Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and the Murmansk region]. Petrozavodsk, 1975, pp. 122–179. 5. Kryshen' A.M. Struktura i dinamika rastitel'nogo soobshchestva veynikovoy vyrubki v Yuzhnoy Karelii. 1. Vidovoy sostav [Structure and Dynamics of Plant Communi-ty in a Calamagrostis-Type Felled Site in Southern Karelia. 1. Floristic Composition]. Bo-tanicheskiy zhurnal, 2003, vol. 88, no. 4, pp. 48–62. 6. Martikaynen N.F. Mikorizoobrazovanie seyantsev sosny i eli v teplitsakh letnego tipa [Mycorrhiza Formation in Pine and Spruce Seedlings in Summer Greenhouses]. Tekhnologiya sozdaniya i ekologichesie aspekty vyrashchivaniya vysokoproduktivnykh le-snykh kul'tur [Technology Creation and Environmental Aspects of Cultivation of Highly Productive Plantations]. Saint Petersburg, 1992, pp. 114–118. 7. Mochalov B.A. Podgotovka pochvy i vybor posadochnogo mesta pri sozdanii le-snykh kul'tur sosny iz seyantsev s zakrytymi kornyami [Preparing the Soil and Choosing the Spot when Planting Pine Crops Using Ball-Rooted Planting Stock]. Lesnoy zhurnal, 2014, no. 4, pp. 9–18. 8. Mochalov B.A. Rekomendatsii i tekhnologicheskie karty po vyrashchivaniyu sa-zhentsev sosny i eli v pitomnikakh severnoy i sredney podzon taygi Evropeyskoy chasti Ros-sii [Guidelines and Process Charts for Nursery-Based Raising of Pine and Spruce Seedlings in the Northern and Middle Taiga Subzones of European Russia]. Arkhangelsk, 2005. 35 p. 9. OST 56-99-93. Kul'tury lesnye. Otsenka kachestva. [Industrial Standard 56-99-93. Planted Forests. Quality Evaluation]. Moscow, 1993. 35 р. 10. Ronkonen N.I. Vyrubki i estestvennoe vozobnovlenie na nikh [Felled Sites and Their Natural Regeneration]. Lesovosstanovlenie v Karel'skoy ASSR i Murmanskoy oblasti [Reforestation in the Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and Murmansk Re-gion]. Petrozavodsk, 1975, pp. 36–65. 11. Semakova T.A. Problema zashchity khvoynykh porod ot povrezhdeniya bol'shim sosnovym dolgonosikom [Protection of Conifers Against Large Pine Weevil Injuries]. Trudy SPbNIILKh [Proc. Saint Petersburg Forestry Research Institute], 2004, vol. 2 (12), pp. 191–205. 12. Smolyanitskaya L.B., Kozlova T.I., Chikalyuk E.N. Arkhitektonika kornevoy sistemy v kul'turakh sosny, sozdannykh seyantsami i sazhentsami s zakrytymi kornyami [Root System Structure in Pine Plantations Cultivated by Ball-Rooted Seedlings and Saplings]. Tekhnologiya sozdaniya i ekologicheskie aspekty vyrashchivaniya vysokoproduktivnykh lesnykh kul'tur [Technology Creation and Environmental Aspects of Cultivation of Highly Productive Plantations]. Saint Petersburg, 1992, pp. 25–34. 13. Sokolov A.I., Krivenko T.I., Kharitonov V.A. Lesovodstvennaya otsenka khimicheskoy obrabotki pochvy pri sozdanii kul'tur eli na zlakovykh vyrubkakh [Sylvicul-tural Assessment of Soil Chemical Treatment for Planting Spruce Crops in Grass-Type Felled Sites]. Izvestiya Sankt-Peterburgskogo lesotekhnicheskogo universiteta, 2011, vol. 197, pp. 79–87. 14. Sokolov A.I. Lesovosstanovlenie na vyrubkakh Severo-Zapada Rossii [Reforestation of Felled Sites in Northwest of Russia]. Petrozavodsk, 2006. 215 p. 15. Sokolov A.I., Mordas' A.A., Krivenko T.I., Kharitonov V.A. Vyrashchivanie i ispol'zovanie krupnomernogo posadochnogo materiala khvoynykh porod v usloviyakh Karelii [Cultivation and Use of Large-Size Coniferous Planting Stock in Karelia]. Petrozavodsk, 2002. 43 p. 16. Yur'eva A.L. Vliyanie podgotovki pochvy i vida posadochnogo materiala na rost i razvitie lesnykh kul'tur sosny [The Effect of Soil Preparation and Type of Planting Stock on the Growth and Development of Planted Pine Forests]. Lesnoy zhurnal, 2006, no. 3, pp. 14–20. Received on February 18, 2014

Preservation and Growth of Pine Cultivated by Ball-Rooted Planting Stock in Karelia

 

INDEXED IN: