Address: 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk 163002 Russian Federation. Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V.Lomonosov. Office 1425

Phone / Fax: (818-2) 21-61-18



The Forest Litter in Spruce Formation in the Northern Subzone of Taiga

Версия для печати
Creative Commons License
These works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

A.G. Volkov

Complete text of the article:

Download article (pdf, 0.4MB )






Analysis of forest litter, as specific horizon in biogeocenosis, is important issue in forest science. One of the main factor of its formation is ground cover that largely determines thickness, stock and density of forest litter. The studying areas are located in spruce for-mations at northern subzone of taiga in the Arkhangelsk region. Three sampling area with strongly marked ground cover gradient were selected as research objects. It was broken into the regular grid with 5 meters lag, in each centre of which sample splitting of ground litter was realized. Parcels were allocated using standard methods. The maximum thickness of forest litter was noted in blueberry-sphagnous (6.4 cm), the minimum – in grass parcel (5 cm). It is related with high intensity transformation of «soft» litterfall. High rates of de-composition of litterfall determines the maximum of stock in grass parcel – 146 t/ha. The parcel with lifeless cover, with litterfall of spruce needles, accumulate the stock of forest litter 3 times as lower as grass parcel– 52 t/ha. Density of horizons affect to formation unique forest litter’s structure for all parcels


A.G. Volkov, Assistant


Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, 17, 163002 Arkhangelsk, Russia; e-mail:


Keyword: forest litter, spruce formation, stock, thickness, composition density


1. Bogatyrev L.G., Telesina V.M. Slovar' terminov i pokazateley, ispol'zuemykh pri izuchenii biologicheskogo krugovorota [Glossary of Terms and Indicators, Used in Study of the Biological Cycle]. Moscow, 2010. 184 p. 2. Gerasimova M.I. Lesnye pochvy v pochvennykh klassifikatsiyakh [Forest Litter in Soil Classification]. 5 Vserossiyskaya nauchnaya konferentsiya po lesnomu pochvovedeniyu s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem "Raznoobrazie lesnykh pochv i bioraznoobrazie lesov" [5 Russ.Sci.Conf. on Forest Soil Science with International Participation "Variety of Forest Soils and Forest Biodiversity"]. Pushchino, 2013, pp. 3–5. 3. Gryaz'kin A.V. Strukturnaya organizatsiya fitotsenozov yuzhnoy taygi (na primere el'nikov zelenomoshnoy gruppy tipov lesa) [The Structural Organization of Plant Communities of the Southern Taiga (Exemplified by Moss Spruce Stands)]. St. Petersburg, 1999. 136 p. 4. Il'ina T.M., Sapozhnikov A.P. Lesnye podstilki kak komponent lesnogo bioge-otsenoza [Forest Litter as a Component of Forest Biogeocenisis]. Vestnik KrasGAU, 2007, no. 5, pp. 45–48. 5. Karpacheskiy L.O. Pestrota pochvennogo pokrova v lesnom biogeotsenoze [Vari-ability of Soil Cover in Forest Biogeocenisis]. Moscow, 1977. 312 p. 6. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po opredeleniyu zapasov lesnoy podstilki i ee zol'nosti pri lesovodstvennykh issledovaniyakh [Methodological Recommendation for Evaluating of Forest Litter Stock and its Ash Content in Forest Researches]. Moscow, 1979, 38 p. 7. Reshetnikova T.V. Lesnye podstilki kak depo biogennykh elementov [Forest Litter as a Container for Biogenesis Elements]. Vestnik KrasGAU, 2011, no. 12, pp. 74–81. 8. Solov'ev S.V. Lesnye podstilki kak pokazatel' lesovozobnovitel'nogo potentsiala lesov [Forest Litter as an Indicator of Forest Potential]. Materialy Vserossijskoj konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem “Sostojanie lesov Dal'nego Vostoka i aktual'nye problemy lesoupravlenija” [State Forests of the Far East and Urgent Problems of Forest Management: Proc. of the Russ. Conf.]. Khabarovsk, 2009, pp. 260–262. 9. Tsvetkov V.F. Lesnoy biogeotsenoz [Forest Biogeocenosis]. Arkhangelsk, 1999. 75 p. 10. Fortescue J.A.C. Environmental geochemistry: a holistic approach. New York. Springer-Verlag, 1980. 331 p.

The Forest Litter in Spruce Formation in the Northern Subzone of Taiga


Make a Submission


Lesnoy Zhurnal (Russian Forestry Journal) was awarded the "Seal of Recognition for Active Data Provider of the Year 2024"