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The Use of Nanosized ZnO in Compositions for Wood Protective Treatment. P. 173–184

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Elena V. Tomina, Aleksandr I. Dmitrenkov, Konstantin V. Zhuzhukin

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Wood natural structure can be considered as a suitable matrix for modifying with nanoparticles of various chemical nature. The research aims at obtaining a woodbased nanocomposite by modifying wood with compositions of waste vegetable oil and zinc oxide nanoparticles and studying the properties of this nanocomposite. Silver birch (Betula pendula) wood samples were chosen as study objects. Refined sunflower oil left after cooking was the oil base of the developed impregnating compositions; nanosized zinc oxide powder was the filler and modifier. The sol-gel method providing a narrow range of particle size distribution was used for synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles from Zn(NO3)2·6H2O as starting material. Aqueous ammonia solution was used as a precipitant. The synthesized zinc oxide nanoparticles contained no impurities, were mostly spherical and had the size less than 20 nm. The size of zinc oxide agglomerates was no more than 100 nm, allowing them to easily penetrate into the wood material cavities. A stable suspension of synthesized zinc oxide nanopowder in used sunflower oil was prepared and applied for wood modification by hot-and-cold bath treatment. It was found that the use of nanoscale zinc oxide accelerates the drying process of vegetable oil coating, increases the strength of such a coating and its resistance to external influences. The use of developed compositions improves the hydrophobic properties of wood, its moisture and water resistance, as well as reduces swelling in the tangential and radial directions. We have chosen the optimal dosage of nanosized zinc oxide (0.1 %) in compositions based on waste vegetable oil for protective treatment of birch wood. Impregnating compositions on the base of waste vegetable oil are environmentally safe and their use allows recycling food industry wastes.


Elena V. Tomina1,2, Doctor of Chemistry, Assoc. Prof.; ResearcherID: ABF-1895-2020, ORCID:
Aleksandr I. Dmitrenkov1*, Candidate of Engineering, Assoc. Prof.; ResearcherID: AAO-8606-2020, ORCID:
Konstantin V. Zhuzhukin1, Junior Research Scientist; ResearcherID: AAB-2187-2021, ORCID:


1Voronezh State University of Forestry and Technologies named after G.F. Morozov,
ul. Timiryazeva, 8, Voronezh, 394087, Russian Federation;,*,
2Voronezh State University, Universitetskaya pl., 1, Voronezh, 394018, Russian Federation;


nanosized zinc oxide, wood, wood protective treatment, suspension, contact angle, water absorption, moisture absorption, swelling

For citation

Tomina E.V., Dmitrenkov A.I., Zhuzhukin K.V. The Use of Nanosized ZnO in Compositions for Wood Protective Treatment. Lesnoy Zhurnal = Russian Forestry Journal, 2022, no. 4, pp. 173–184. (In Russ.).


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