Address: 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk 163002 Russian Federation. Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V.Lomonosov. Office 1425

Phone / Fax: (818-2) 21-61-18



Growth Features of Siberian Elm on Brown Soils of the Astrakhan Semi-Desert. P. 119–129

Версия для печати
Creative Commons License
These works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Vladimir V. Lepesko, Ludmila P. Rybashlykova

Complete text of the article:

Download article (pdf, 0.4MB )






The article presents the current state assessment and suggests the methods for additional moisture supply of soils under stable tree plantations of Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila L.) on brown soils of semi-desert. The research area belongs to the arid zone. This is a treeless zone of dry steppe and semi-desert, where about 1,000 ha of plantations with a predominance of elm of different species have been planted since 1949–1953: shade clumps, pasture protection strips, massifs, separated forest stands. The soils are brown desert-steppe alkaline sandy loam and light clay-loam in combination with solonetz (10 %). Siberian elm stands form plantations of different ages and for different purposes. The research is based on biomonitoring materials and field experiments using standard forest inventory techniques. Test sites of a rectangular shape with an area of 0.4 ha were laid out in order to study the Siberian elm stands. We described in detail the location of the test sites, the soil composition thereon, and gave a comprehensive assessment of the growth and durability of the plantations. It is shown that the stand state is determined by 2 sets of factors: zonal-edaphic and pastoraleconomic. Viable stands of Siberian elm at the age of 57–64 have been preserved on sandy loam and dark-colored soils located in micro- and inter-hill depressions. The dynamics of soil moisture under plantations is largely independent of the tree location method. Satisfactory indicators of growth and durability of plantations depend on the level of availability of soil moisture and the degree of its salinity. The moisture supply of soils under elm plantations can be increased by using melt water runoff in hollows and micro-depressions and increasing the growing space of a tree to 25 m2. Formed elm plantations respond positively to the presence of resting animals. The “alliance” relationship between the stand and livestock does not arise immediately, but rather from a certain age of the stand and the moment it forms a certain structure of the tree layer, which should be provided by forest cultivation and silvicultural measures in conjunction with the regulation of pasture load. There is a positive effect of resting animals at the appropriate load on the growth, state and durability of the Siberian elm stands.


Vladimir V. Lepesko1, Candidate of Agriculture, Leading Research Scientist; ResearcherID: AAD-9953-2020, ORCID:
Ludmila P. Rybashlykova2*, Candidate of Agriculture, Leading Research Scientist; ReseacherID: W-4197-2018, ORCID:


1Bogdinskaya scientific-research agroforest amelioration experimental station, ul. BOS, 1, Kharabali, Astrakhan region, 416010, Russian Federation;
2Federal Scientific Center for Agroecology, Complex Melioration and Protective Afforestation of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prosp. Universitetskiy, 97, Volgograd, 400062, Russian Federation;*


Astrakhan semi-desert, elm, brown soil zone, protective forest plantations, moisture supply, growing space of a tree, livestock, stand growth, durability of tree plantations

For citation

Lepesko V.V., Rybashlykova L.P. Growth Features of Siberian Elm on Brown Soils of the Astrakhan Semi-Desert. Lesnoy Zhurnal = Russian Forestry Journal, 2022, no. 3, pp. 119–129.


  1. Vdovenko A.V. Formation Specificity on Pastures, Overgrown by Elaeágnus angustifólia Bushes in the Middle Don Regions. Proceedings of Nizhnevolzhskiy agrouniversity complex: science and higher vocational education, 2015, no. 2(38), pp. 85–90. (In Russ.).

  2. Vdovenko A.V., Kladiev A.K. Productivity of Forage Lands in Volga-Manychsky Interriver with Canopy Participation of in the Republic of Kalmykia. Proceedings of Nizhnevolzhskiy agrouniversity complex: science and higher vocational education, 2014, no. 2(34), pp. 60–65. (In Russ.).

  3. Zavyalov A.A., Iozus A.P. Some Results of Elm Breeding in the Dry Steppe of the South-East of the European Russia. International Journal of Applied and Fundamental Research, 2019, no. 3, pp. 66–70. (In Russ.).

  4. Kryuchkov S.N., Mattis G.Ya. Afforestation in Arid Conditions. Volgograd, VNIALMI Publ., 2014. 301 p. (In Russ.).

  5. Kulik N.F., Zyuz’ N.S., Mattis G.Ya. Protective Forest Plantations in the Far South-East and Increasing Their Effectiveness. Vestnik sel’sko-khozyaystvennoy nauki, 1974, no. 6, pp. 79–90. (In Russ.).

  6. Lepesko V.V., Rybashlykova L.P. The Contemporary State, Stability and Durability of Artificial Plantations of Small-Leaved Elm under a Variety of Forest Conditions of the Astrakhan Volga Region. Prirodoobustroystvo, 2019, no. 5, pp. 118–124. (In Russ.).

  7. Manayenkov A.S. Forest Reclamation of Arid Zone Arenas. Volgograd, FNTs agroekologii RAN Publ., 2018. 428 p. (In Russ.).

  8. Rusakova E.G., Zabolotnaya M.V. Basic Wood Species of Forest Resources of Astrakhan Region. Estestvennyye nauki, 2011, no. 1(34), pp. 22–31. (In Russ.).

  9. Tyutyuma N.V., Bulakhtina G.K., Kudryashov A.V., Kudryashova N.V. Meliorative Efficiency of Shrub Wings on Arid Pastures of the South of Russia. Arid Ecosystems, 2020, vol. 26, no. 1(82), pp. 62–68. (In Russ.).

  10. Akhmedenov K.M. Analysis of the Afforestation Status in the Arid Conditions of Western Kazakhstan. Biology Bulletin, 2018, vol. 45, iss. 10, pp. 1153–1158.

  11. Lepesko V.V., Belyaev A.I., Pleskachev Yu.N., Fomin S.D., Pugacheva A.M., Rybashlykova L.P. Monitoring the State and Ecological Ameliorative Effect of Tree and Shrub Coulisse and Row Plantings on Pastures in the Arid Conditions of the Northern Caspian. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2019, vol. 341, art. 012103.

  12. Muratchaeva P.M.-S. Monitoring of the Condition of Tree Species in Artificial Plantings of the Terek-Kuma Lowland. Arid Ecosystems, 2014, vol. 4, iss. 1, pp. 35–38.

  13. Radochinskaya L.P., Kladiev A.K., Rybashlykova L.P. Production Potential of Restored Pastures of the Northwestern Caspian. Arid Ecosystems, 2019, vol. 9, iss. 1, pp. 51–58.

  14. Sapanov M.K. Environmental Implications of Climate Warming for the Northern Caspian Region. Arid Ecosystems, 2018, vol. 8, iss. 1, pp. 13–21.

  15. Sapanov M.K., Sizemskaya M.L. Influence of Climate Change on Groundwater Level and the State of Pine Plantations on the Sands of the Caspian Lowland. International Scientific Publications. Ecology & Safety, 2018, vol. 12, pp. 128–134.

  16. Sapanov M.K., Sizemskaya M.L., Akhmedenov K.M. Reclamation Stages and Modern Use of Arid Lands in the Northern Caspian Region. Arid Ecosystems, 2015, vol. 5, iss. 3, pp. 188–193.

  17. Su H., Li Y., Liu W., Xu H., Sun O.J. Changes in Water Use with Growth in Ulmus pumila in Semiarid Sandy Land of Northern China. Trees, 2014, vol. 28, pp. 41–52.

  18. Vollenweider P., Menard T., Arend M., Kuster T.M., Günthardt-Goerg M.S. Structural Changes Associated with Drought Stress Symptoms in Foliage of Central European Oaks. Trees, 2016, vol. 30, iss. 3, pp. 883–900.

  19. Wesche K., Walther D., von Wehrden H., Hensen I. Trees in the Desert: Reproduction and Genetic Structure of Fragmented Ulmus pumila Forests in Mongolian Drylands. Flora, 2011, vol. 206, iss. 2, pp. 91–99.

  20. Yan Q., Zhu J., Zheng X., Jin C. Causal Effects of Shelter Forests and Water Factors on Desertification Control during 2000–2010 at the Horqin Sandy Land Region, China. Journal of Forestry Research, 2015, vol. 26, iss. 1, pp. 33–45.


Make a Submission


Lesnoy Zhurnal (Russian Forestry Journal) was awarded the "Seal of Recognition for Active Data Provider of the Year 2024"