Address: 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk 163002 Russian Federation. Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V.Lomonosov. Office 1425

Phone / Fax: (818-2) 21-61-18



Winter Hardiness of Conifers in the Northern Forest Steppe Conditions of the South of the Tyumen Region

Версия для печати
Creative Commons License
These works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

L.V. Lyasheva, A.A. Lyashev, Yu.S. Steinberg

Complete text of the article:

Download article (pdf, 0.3MB )






We have studied 4 species of the genus fir, 3 species of the genus spruce (including (hereinafter) 14 varieties of Norway spruce and 12 varieties of blue spruce), 2 species of the genus larch (3 varieties of Western European larch), 7 species of the genus pine (7 varieties of mountain pine and 12 varieties of northern white cedar), 6 species of the genus juniper (3 varieties of common juniper, 5 varieties of savin juniper, a variety of Rocky Mountain juniper, 3 varieties of flaky juniper, 2 varieties of Virginian juniper and 3 varieties of Juniperus pfitzeriana) and a species of Siberian carpet cypress. All the studied plants were divided into three groups: highly promising, less promising and unpromising for this region. Most plants from the first group have large habitats indicating a wide range of their ecological potential. It has been found that the use of plants from the second group requires a careful selection of suitable locations and great attention to care measures. Plants from the third group are unpromising. It is impractical to use them actively in landscaping. The analysis also resulted in the development of a method for selecting coniferous plants for landscaping in the northern forest steppe of the south of the Tyumen region, based on their size parameters, species, varieties and needle colour. There are also 4 groups based on height: procumbent, scrubby, medium-grown, and tall-grown. Each group is divided into 3 subgroups based on the color of the needles: green, yellowish and caesious. The size of the plant has to be taken into account when creating ornamental plantations. Thus, fastgrowing varieties are useful for short-term decorative effects or in places where wind or noise protection is required fairly quickly. Medium-grown species are suitable for landscaping any territories and, with the use of restrictive pruning, even for small gardens or topiary art. Scrubby plants are suitable for landscaping small gardens, rockeries, small compositions. Depending on their growth rate, groundcover plants can be used as a lawn replacement, to stabilize slopes and create a carpet effect.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license • The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest


Lyudmila V. Lyasheva1, Doctor of Agriculture, Assoc. Prof.; ResearcherID: ABB-2644-2021, ORCID:
Aleksandr A. Lyashev1, Doctor of Biology, Assoc. Prof.; ORCID:
Yuliya S. Steinberg2, Director; ORCID:


1Northern Trans-Ural State Agricultural University, ul. Respubliki, 7, Tyumen, 625003, Russian Federation; e-mail:,
2Landscape Workshop “Yucca Park”, 14 km Salairskogo trakta, Tyumen, 625009, Russian Federation; e-mail:


introduced plants, ornamental coniferous plants, winter hardiness, less promising for the south of the Tyumen region, highly promising for the south of the Tyumen region, unpromising for the south of the Tyumen region, pruning, shading, watering

For citation

Lyasheva L.V., Lyashev A.A., Steinberg Yu.S. Winter Hardiness of Conifers in the Northern Forest Steppe Conditions of the South of the Tyumen Region. Lesnoy Zhurnal [Russian Forestry Journal], 2022, no. 1, pp. 49–61. DOI: 10.37482/0536-1036-2022-1-49-61


1. Aleksandrova M.S. Miniature Conifers. Flora, 1997, no. 2, pp. 13–15.
2. Aleksandrova M.S., Aleksandrova P.V. Coniferous Plants in Your Garden. Rostov-on-Don, Feniks Publ., 2005. 151 p.
3. Zakharenko G.S. Biological Basis of Introduction and Cultivation of Species of the Genus Cypress (Cupressus L.). Kiev, Agrarnaya nauka Publ., 2006. 256 p.
4. Ivanenko A.S., Kulyasova O.A. Agroclimatic Conditions of the Tyumen Region. Tyumen, TvGSHA Publ., 2008. 206 p.
5. Kalinichenko A.A. Assessment of Adaptation and Feasibility of Woody Plant Introduction. Byulleten’ Glavnogo botanicheskogo sada, 1978, iss. 108, pp. 3–8.
6. Karpun Yu.N. The Main Problems of Introduction. Hortus Botanicus, 2004, vol. 2, pp. 17–32. DOI:
7. Kostylev D.A. Generalization of Data on Winter Hardiness of Ornamental Varieties of Woody Plants. Collection of Reports of the VI Annual Conference of the Association of Manufacturers of Planting Material “Russian Nurseries: Growth Prospects”. Moscow, APPM Publ., 2013, pp. 18–22.
8. Krekova J.A., Dancheva A.V., Zalesov S.V. Decorative Signs Estimation of Some Kinds of Picea Dieter Species in North Kazakhstan. Sovremennyye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya [Modern problems of science and education], 2015, no. 1, part 1, p. 1657.
9. Lapin P.I., Sidneva S.V. Assessment of Woody Plant Introduction Prospects according to Visual Observations. Experience of Woody Plant Introduction. Moscow, GBS AN SSSR Publ., 1973, pp. 7–67.
10. Lyubimov V.B. Introduction of Plants: Theory and Practice. Bryansk, BSU Publ., 2009. 364 p.
11. Lyubimov V.B. Ecological Methods Introduction of Trees and Shrubs, are Differentiated by Natural Conditions District. Zhivyye i biokosnyye sistemy, 2013, no. 3.
12. Methodology of State Variety Testing of Agricultural Crops. Moscow, Kolos Publ., 1968, iss. 6 (Ornamental Crops). 222 p.
13. Markovskiy Yu.B. The Best Coniferous Plants in Garden Design. Moscow, Fiton+ Publ., 2014. 144 p.
14. Protsenko T.V., Gerasimova E.Y. Evaluation of Winter Hardiness and Frost Resistance of Trees and Shrubs in the Southern Urals in the Example, Orenburg. Aktual’nyye problemy lesnogo kompleksa, 2014, no. 39, pp. 124–127.
15. Savushkina I.G., Seit-Ablaeva S.S. Technique of Assessment of the Decorative Genus Juniperus L. Representatives. Ekosistemy, 2015, iss. 1, pp. 97–105.
16. Sakharova S.G., Khayrova L.N., Ivanova N.V. Prospects of Mass Introduction of Sparsely Distributed Woody and Shrubby Plants in Saint Petersburg and the Leningrad Region. Izvestiya SPbGAU [Izvestiya Saint-Petersburg State Agrarian University], 2010, no. 21, pp. 52–53.
17. Firsov G.A., Orlova L.V. Conifers in Saint Petersburg. Saint Petersburg, Rostok Publ., 2008. 336 p.
18. Khayrova L.N., Zolotareva E.V., Dubovitskaya O.Yu. Trees and Shrubs for Garderning Objects of Landscape Architecture. Saint Petersburg, Prospect Nauki Publ., 2015. 224 p.
19. Blythe G. Cutting Propagation of Juniperus procumbens “Nana”. Proceedings of the International Plant Propagators’ Society, S. 1, 1995, vol. 44, pp. 409–413.
20. Bo N. Nordens flora. Stockholm, Norstedts, 1997. 527 s.
21. Cufar K., Robic D., Torelli N., Kermavnar A. Die phanologie von unterschiedlich geschadigten Weisstannen (Abies alba Mill.) in Slowenien. Schweiz. z. Forstw., 1996, B. 147, Nr. 2, S. 99–108.
22. Detila C. Der Einfluss des stadtklimas auf die phunologischen Eintrittstermine. Schwein. z. Forstw., 1999, B. 150, Nr. 4, S. 151–153.
23. Dietrich P. 100 Yahre Douglasien im Stadtwald Cochem. AFZ Wald, 1997, B. 52, Nr. 11, S. 596–598.
24. Ebert H.P. Mabnahmen zur Seigerung der Umwelttoleranz von Waldbestanden. AFZ Wald, 1996, B. 51, Nr. 18, S. 1016–1018.
25. Houšková K., Mauer O. Vliv Výchozí Hustoty Sazenic Na Morfologickou Kvalitu Nadzemní Části Borovice Lesní (Pinus sylvestris L.) 8 Let Po Výsadbě [Initial Density of Transplants and Its Effect on the Morphological Quality of Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Above-Ground Part Eight Years after Planting]. Zpravy Lesnickeho Vyzkumu [Reports of Forestry Research], 2014, vol. 59, iss. 2, pp. 117–125.
26. Lewis J. International Conifer Register. Part 4. Juniperus. Ed. by A.S. Leslie. London, Royal Horticultural Society, 1998. 134 p.


Make a Submission


Lesnoy Zhurnal (Russian Forestry Journal) was awarded the "Seal of Recognition for Active Data Provider of the Year 2024"