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Growth and State of Mixed Stands of Forest Plantations of the Kamennaya Steppe

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V.I. Turusov, A.S. Chekanyshkin, A.A. Lepekhin

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By now, a vast amount of experimental material has been accumulated in the field of protective afforestation of the Central Chernozem Region of Russia, which allows estimating the stability and longevity of various trees and shrubs in different environmental conditions. Good growth and high vitality of woody vegetation largely depend on growing conditions and are determined primarily by the relationship between species (individuals within a species) when they are placed in the forest area and the type of terrain. The research different combinations in tree and shrub mixing schemes and unequal location by types of terrain. The study was carried out in mature (115–118-year-old) forest strips laid out by the staff of the Kamennaya Steppe experimental forestry G.F. Morozov and N.A. Mikhailov on the territory of the Kamennaya Steppe (Voronezh region, Talovsky district) using archival materials, scientific works of the authors of this article and the employees of the Department of Agroforestry. A comparative analysis of the materials of forest survey work carried out in protective forest plantations created according to the tree-shrub type of mixing on different types of terrain revealed an excess of biometric indicators of tree species growing on the upland type of terrain over those on the slope. It is shown that the initial percentage of participation of English oak is a significant, but not always decisive factor in the creation of oak plantations. They can also be grown with a smaller proportion of this species in the culture, but in this case, timely thinning will be of paramount importance. Over time, there have been significant changes in the composition of plantations, the number of trees and their valuation indicators. There are no viable ash and elm specimens left in the upper tier of the stands. They are severely damaged by stem pests. Certain tree species are damaged by the following pests: common ash by large ash bark beetle (Hylesinus crenatus) and ash bark beetle (Hylesinus fraxini); elm species by cambium-feeding beetles (large elm bark beetle (Scolytus scolytus), European elm bark beetle (Scolytus multistriatus), and pygmy elm bark beetle (Scolytus pygmaeus); English oak by gold pit oak splendour beetle (Chrysobothris affinis), oak borer (Agrilus angustulus), longhorn beetle (Plagionotus detritus), and European oak bark beetle (Scolytus intricatus). The predominant number of trees of all tree species belongs to the categories of limited viable and inviable.


Victor I. Turusov, Doctor of Agriculture, Academician of RAS; ResearcherIDAAK-4220-2021, ORCID:
Alexey S. Chekanyshkin, Candidate of Agriculture, Leading Research Scientist; ResearcherID: AAK-4197-2021, ORCID:
Alexandr A. Lepekhin, Candidate of Biology, Leading Research Scientist; ResearcherID: AAK-4216-2021, ORCID:


Research Institute of Agriculture of the Central Black Soil Strip named after V.V. Dokuchaev, 81, kv. V, pos. 2-go uchastka Instituta im V.V. Dokuchaeva, Talovskiy District, Voronezh Region, 397463, Russian Federation


protective forest plantations, mixed stand, mixing of tree species, type of vegetation conditions, forest pathological condition, Kamennaya Steppe

For citation

Turusov V.I., Chekanyshkin A.S., Lepekhin A.A. Growth and State of Mixed Stands of Forest Plantations of the Kamennaya Steppe. Lesnoy Zhurnal [Russian Forestry Journal], 2021, no. 4, pp. 97–106. DOI: 10.37482/0536-1036-2021-4-97-106


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Growth and State of Mixed Stands of Forest Plantations of the Kamennaya Steppe


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