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The Influence of Larch Lumber Drying Technology on the Duration of Dehydration

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Sh.G. Zaripov, V.A. Kornienko

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Convective drying of lumber should be considered as a relatively simple method of elimination moisture from wood. Such technologies are widely used in bringing moisture content in lumber to a certain level. Meanwhile, this drying method is characterized by an increased duration of the process, which automatically increases the expenses for thermal and electrical energy. The drying time of larch lumber is on average higher by 1.5–2.5 times compared to other species, which further increases the cost of drying. Therefore, there is a necessity of finding ways to solve the problem of reducing the drying time of larch lumber in the conditions of convective heat exchange. One of the ways is to develop and apply such drying schedules, which would allow to accelerate the process of wood dehydration. The option of improvement the drying schedules is offered by the Finnish experts of Jartek Oy company. The developed design of the drying kiln allows to implement a two-stage structure of drying schedules: at the first stage with increasing temperature, at the second with decreasing temperature. This paper presents the results of the analysis of the operation of continuous drying kilns with zonal circulation for larch lumber drying. The analysis showed that the direction of drying agent movement along the length of the kiln during larch lumber drying is critical. This conclusion follows from the fact that larch responses in a peculiar way to temperature variations. In the initial period of drying a film of extractives is formed on the surface of the larch вoard. This film blocks the output of an aqueous solution of extractives from wood. In these circumstances, it is advisable to form such schedules that the drying agent temperature with each step of a lumber pile in the drying kiln increases. The specified principle condition for drying larch lumber is observed only in the kiln section, where counter-flow circulation is carried out. The second section, where the direct-flow circulation is implemented, practically runs idle, since the drying agent temperature with each step of the drying pile of lumber decreases. It follows that such designs of kilns for larch lumber drying is impractical for operation.


Sh.G. Zaripov1, Doctor of Engineering, Assoc. Prof.; ORCID:
V.A. Kornienko2, Candidate of Engineering, Assoc. Prof.; ORCID:


1Lesosibirsk Branch of Reshetnev Siberian State University of Science and Technology, ul. Pobedy, 29, Lesosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai, 662543, Russian Federation; e-mail:
2Reshetnev Siberian State University of Science and Technology, prosp. imeni gazety «Krasnoyarskiy rabochiy», 31, str. 5, Krasnoyarsk, 660012, Russian Federation; e-mail:


drying technology, larch lumber, circulation, temperature, drying kiln, aqueous solution of extractives

For citation

Zaripov Sh.G., Kornienko V.A. The Influence of Larch Lumber Drying Technology on the Duration of Dehydration. Lesnoy Zhurnal [Russian Forestry Journal], 2020, no. 4, pp. 134–146. DOI: 10.37482/0536-1036-2020-4-134-146


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Received on October 28, 2019

The Influence of Larch Lumber Drying Technology on the Duration of Dehydration


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