Address: 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk 163002 Russian Federation. Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V.Lomonosov. Office 1425

Phone / Fax: (818-2) 21-61-18



Application of Ash-Polymer Mixtures in the Construction of Forest Roads

Версия для печати
Creative Commons License
These works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

А.N. Minaev, O.V. Zubova, D.M. Kulik, V.V. Siletskiy, V.I. Lugovov

Complete text of the article:

Download article (pdf, 0.5MB )






The construction of forest roads is one of the priority issues of the forest industry. The underdeveloped forest road network does not allow the use of forest resources, which are situated too far from the civil roads because of lower profitability. Expanding the forest road infrastructure will allow to increase mobility as well as profitability of resource extraction. Forest roads are expensive. This is due to the high cost of road construction materials and long distance of their delivery. One of the latest ways of cost reduction of road construction materials is the use of industrial wastes. A study was carried out in order to obtain a pavement layer with high physical and mechanical properties and a relatively low cost from industrial wastes for the problem solving. Household high-pressure polyethylene is used as a binder in the mixture, and ash from incineration of sewage sludge is used as filler. A coagulation-condensation structure is formed due to the use of plastic in the mixture; herewith the material is characterized by high strength and frost resistance. The study has a scientific novelty as the issues of polyethylene adhesion with various fillers are poorly known. Recycled polymers (crushed polyethylene, fraction 1.5–2.5 mm) were used as a structure-forming component. Ash from the sewage sludge incineration obtained at the SUE «Vodokanal of St. Petersburg» was used as the filler material. According to the test results, a material with the following parameters was obtained: the compression resistance of 170.63–552.08 MPa, the elastic modulus of 322–1022 MPa, water absorption within 1 %; that allows using the material in the forest road construction. This material can be used as an application for reinforcing the pavement layer in the forest road construction on weak soils. The use of the obtained material in forest road construction will expand the forest road infrastructure by cost reduction. The studies of the Department of Industrial Transport of the Saint-Petersburg State Forest Technical University show that the high physical and mechanical parameters will increase the service life of forest roads and hence the time between overhauls. These aspects have a positive effect on the profitability of the forest road construction.


А.N. Minaev, Doctor of Engineering, Prof.; ORCID:
O.V. Zubova, Candidate of Engineering; ORCID:
D.M. Kulik, External PhD Student; ORCID:
V.V. Siletskiy, External PhD Student; ORCID:
V.I. Lugovov, External PhD Student; ORCID:


Saint-Petersburg State Forest Technical University, Institutskiy per., 5, Saint Petersburg, 194021, Russian Federation; e-mail:,,,


household high-pressure polyethylene, ash from incineration of sewage sludge, construction of forest roads, road structure, road construction material

For citation

Minaev А.N., Zubova О.V., Kulik D.М., Siletskiy V.V., Lugovov V.I. Application of Ash-Polymer Mixtures in the Construction of Forest Roads. Lesnoy Zhurnal [Russian Forestry Journal], 2020, no. 3, pp. 106–116. DOI: 10.37482/0536-1036-2020-3-106-116


1. Dunina O.A., Sayfullina A.R., Sakhibgareyeva L.I. Processing of Polyethylene into Plastic and Its Subsequent Use in Road Construction. Student and Agricultural Science: Proceedings of the 10th All-Russian Student and Science Conference, Ufa, March 22–23, 2016. Ufa, BSAU Publ., 2016, pp. 189–191.
2. Zubova O.V. The Study of the Effect of Soil Grading on the Strength of a Cement-Treated Mixture of Ash with Soil. Trudy BGTU. № 2. Lesnaya i derevoobrabatyvayushchaya promyshlennost’ [Proceedings of BSTU. Iss. 2. Forest and Woodworking Industry], 2012, no. 2(149), pp. 118–121.
3. Zubova O.V. The Use of Ash-Soil Mixtures Strengthened by Cementing Materials in Forest Road Construction: Cand. Eng. Sci. Diss. Saint Petersburg, 2015. 179 p.
4. Zubova O.V., Bessarab G.A., Salminen E.O., Suvorovа N.A., Artem’yev V.V. The Design Method of Pavement Layers Based on Ash-Soil Mixture of Binders. New Building Materials: Proceedings of the International Science Conference. Proceedings of BSTU. Minsk, BSTU Publ., 2013, no. 1, pp. 23–27.
5. Zubova O.V., Bessarab G.A., Suvorova N.A., Salminen E.O. Method of Making Pavement Structural Layer Based on Ashes of Effluents Sediments Combustion. Patent RF no. RU 2471913 C2, 2013.
6. Zubova O.V., Nikitina I.S., Anisimova O.I., Novikova A.A. Road-Building Material on the Basis of a Cinder-and-Dirt Mix Reinforced by Cement. Izvestia Sankt-Peterburgskoj lesotehniceskoj akademii [News of the Saint Petersburg State Forest Technical Academy], 2012, iss. 201, pp. 193–202.
7. Korochkin A.V. Paving. Patent RF no. RU 88030 U1, 2009.
8. Litvinenko N.A., Kozyreva E.A. Modern Technologies of Road Construction. Nauchnaya mysl’ [Scientific Thought], 2017, no. 2, pp. 117–120.
9. Lysyannikov A.V., Tretiakova E.A., Lysyannikova N.N. Recycled Plastic in Road Construction. Izvestiya Tul’skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Tekhnicheskiye nauki [News of the Tula state university. Technical sciences], 2017, iss. 7, pp. 105–115.
10. Lysyannikov A.V., Tretiakova E.A., Lysyannikova N.N. Construction of Road Surfaces from Secondary Raw Materials. Issues of Modern Science: Problems, Trends and Prospects. Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference, Novokuznetsk, December 7–8, 2017. Ul’yanovsk, Zebra Publ., 2017, pp. 78–81.
11. Stakhanov A.I. Potential for Use of Polymer Wastes in the Road Surface Production. Current Problems of Science in Student Research: Collection of Materials of the 9th All-Russian Student Scientific and Practical Conference. KNRTU-KAI’s Branch in Almetyevsk. Moscow, 2019, pp. 40–42.
12. Strokin A.S. Improving the  Shear Resistance and Service Life of Pavements by Applying Asphalt Concrete of Frame Structure on Modified Bitumen: Cand. Eng. Sci. Diss. Voronezh, 2009. 199 p.
13. Ahmadinia Es., Zargar M., Karim M.R., Abdelaziz M., Ahmadinia Eb. Performance Evaluation of Utilization of Waste Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) in Stone Mastic Asphalt. Construction and Building Materials, 2012, vol. 36, pp. 984–989. DOI: 10.1016/j. conbuildmat.2012.06.015
14. Deng Z., Shi F., Yin S., Tuladhar R. Characterisation of Macro Polyolefin Fibre Reinforcement in Concrete through Round Determinate Panel Test. Construction and Building Materials, 2016, vol. 121, pp. 229–235. DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.05.134
15. Hınıslıoğlu S., Ağar E. Use of Waste High Density Polyethylene as Bitumen Modifier in Asphalt Concrete Mix. Materials Letters, 2004, vol. 58, iss. 3-4, pp. 267–271. DOI: 10.1016/S0167-577X(03)00458-0
16. Hongjun L., Feng Y., Donghai Y. The Strenghth Varieties of the Subsurface Made of Lime and Fine Coal Ash of the Highway from Changba to Baicheng. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2000, iss. 1, pp. 84–85.
17. Ion I.M., Aguiar J.B., Angelescu N., Stanciu D. Properties of Polymer Modified Concrete in Fresh and Hardened State. Advanced Materials Research, 2013, vol. 687, pp. 204–212. DOI: 10.4028/
18. Sulyman M., Haponiuk J., Formela K. Utilization of Recycled Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) in Engineering Materials: A Review. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, 2016, vol. 7, no. 2, рр. 100–108. DOI: 10.7763/IJESD.2016. V7.749
19. Tawfik M.E., Eskander S.B. Polymer Concrete from Marble Wastes and Recycled Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate). Journal of Elastomers and Plastics, 2006, vol. 38, iss. 1, pp. 65–79. DOI: 10.1177/0095244306055569
20. Yin S. Development of Recycled Polypropylene Plastic Fibres to Reinforce Concrete. Doctoral Thesis. Townsville, QLD, Australia, James Cook University, 2017. 137 р. DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-3719-1

Application of Ash-Polymer Mixtures in the Construction of Forest Roads


Make a Submission


Lesnoy Zhurnal (Russian Forestry Journal) was awarded the "Seal of Recognition for Active Data Provider of the Year 2024"