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Steam Charcoal Activation from Bamboo

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Chu Cong Nghi, A. А. Spitsyn, K. А. Romanenko, D. A. Ponomarev

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The paper studies the pyrolysis of bamboo stems (Bambos bambusa) to preserve the original structure in the resulting lump charcoal. Bamboo pieces are subjected to slow pyrolysis in a 4-liter stainless steel reactor equipped with an external electric heater according to the periodic scheme. Activation of lump charcoal is carried out by superheated steam at a tempera-ture of 970 °C. The authors determine the adsorption activity for iodine, specific surface area, volume and pore size distribution for the obtained monolithic nanostructured carbon material. Analysis of sorption-desorption isotherms for the resulting material and pore size distribution diagrams indicate a microporous structure of the resulting material. The volume of micropores established by four different methods, is 0.26…0.29 cm3/g and is practically independent on the method of determination. Micropores make the main contribution to the porous structure of charcoal; their volume comprises the major part (85 %) of the total volume.


Chu Cong Nghi1, Postgraduate Student
A. А. Spitsyn1, Candidate of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor
K. А. Romanenko2, Postgraduate Student
D. A. Ponomarev1, Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Professor

Authors job

1Saint Petersburg State Forest Technical University under name of S.M. Kirov, Institutskiy per., 5, У, Saint Petersburg, 194021, Russian Federation; e-mail:,,
2Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, 17, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation; e-mail:


bamboo, steam activation, active carbon, monolithic carbon, pyrolysis

For citation

Chu Cong Nghi, Spitsyn A.А., Romanenko K.А., Ponomarev D.A. Steam Charcoal Activation from Bamboo. Lesnoy zhurnal [Forestry journal], 2018, no. 4, pp. 140–149. DOI: 10.17238/issn0536-1036.2018.4.140


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Received on February 14, 2018

Steam Charcoal Activation from Bamboo