Fraud Warning
We officially declare that NO MONEY from authors and members of the Editorial Board IS CHARGED! A big request to ignore spam e-mails.

Address: 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk 163002 Russian Federation. Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V.Lomonosov. Office 1425

Phone / Fax: (818-2) 21-61-18


Distribution of Reserves of Wood Waste from Crowns in the Forest Fund of the Nizhny Novgorod Region

Версия для печати
Creative Commons License
These works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

L.M. Guseva

Complete text of the article:

Download article (pdf, 0.4MB )






At the moment, we observe a situation of underutilization of woody biomass of the existing forest exploitation fund in the forestry sector of Russia. The key problem is the accumulation of wood waste. Vast resources of such wastes prevent the transformation of deciduous plantations into more valuable ones ‒ conifers, increase the fire hazard, create a base for the development of phyto-diseases and harmful insects, and expend a considerable amount of atmospheric oxygen in the process of decay. This problem can be solved with the use of thermochemical treatment of this type of wood waste. More often, this issue is an economically unviable approach of utilization. When processing wood pulp from crowns, many rival products can be obtained, which is profitable for forestry and wood processing enterprises in the Nizhny Novgorod region. The depth and direction of wood pulp processing are of great regional and national importance. The goal of research is to estimate the stock of wood waste from crowns, resulting cutting in forests of the Nizhny Novgorod region. The studies are carried out according to accepted methods for silvicultural and taxation works. The targets of research are the forest key areas of district and interdistrict forestries of the Nizhny Novgorod region. 78 sample plots are laid to determine the amount of wood waste in key areas. The distribution of the resource potential of wood waste in the forestry areas of the Nizhny Novgorod region is established: the maximum resource is formed in the territory of the Privetluzhskiy spruce and fir forest area ‒ 209.88 thousand m3; in the pine and broadleaved forest area ‒ 157.32 thousand m3; in the Privolzhskiy forest area ‒ 130.35 thousand m3. The minimum resource is concentrated in the broadleaved forest area ‒ 91.80 thousand m3. The information received about the resource potential of wood waste from crowns, will allow organizing production capacity for their processing. Research materials can serve as a basis for forest inventory in the territory of the Nizhny Novgorod region.


L.M. Guseva, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences

Authors job

Nizhny Novgorod State Agricultural Academy, pr. Gagarina, 97, Nizhny Novgorod, 603107, Russian Federation; e-mail:


wood waste, tree crown, resource potential of waste, zoning, thermochemical processing, forest area, key forest district

For citation

Guseva L.M. Distribution of Reserves of Wood Waste from Crowns in the Forest Fund of the Nizhny Novgorod Region. Lesnoy zhurnal [Forestry journal], 2018, no. 4, pp. 79–86. DOI: 10.17238/issn0536-1036.2018.4.79


1. Guseva L.M. Otsenka vzaimosvyazi polnoty drevostoya i zapasa nizkokachestvennoy drevesiny, obrazuyushcheysya na lesosekakh v rezul’tate rubok glavnogo pol’zovaniya i rubok ukhoda za lesom [Interconnection between the Forest Stand Density and the Reserves of Low Quality Xylem Accumulated on the Glades as Result of Final and Improvement Cuttings]. Izvestiya Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta [Izvestia of Orenburg State Agrarian University], 2009, vol. 1, no. 21, pp. 40–41.
2. Zagreyev V.V., Sukhikh V.I., Shvidenko A.Z., Gusev N.N., Moshkalev A.G. Obshchesoyuznyye normativy dlya taksatsii lesov: sprav. [All-Union Standards for Forest Inventory]. Moscow, Kolos Publ., 1992. 495 p. (In Russ.)
3. Karpachevskiy M.L., Teplyakov V.K., Yanitskaya T.O., Yaroshenko A.Yu., Belyakova A.V., Bryukhanov A.V., Bukvareva A.N., Konyushatov O.A., Korchagov S.A., Kulyasova A.A., Petrov A.P., Ray E.A., Shmatkov N.M. Osnovy ustoychivogo lesoupravleniya [Fundamentals of Sustainable Forest Management]. Moscow, WWF Rossii Publ., 2014. 266 p. (In Russ.)
4. Startsev A.I., Borovikov N.Z., Guseva L.M., eds. Lesotaksatsionnyy spravochnik [Forest Mensuration Handbook]. N. Novgorod, NNSAA Publ., 2014. 64 p. (In Russ.)
5. Lukash A.A., Lukuttsova N.P. Differentsirovaniye sposobov pererabotki drevesiny s yadrovoy gnil’yu [Differentiation of Processing Methods of Pumped Wood]. Lesnoy zhurnal [Forestry journal], 2017, no. 3, pp. 143–151.
6. Maksimuk Yu.V., Ponomarev D.A., Kursevich V.N., Fes’ko V.V. Teplota sgoraniya drevesnogo topliva [Calorific Value of Wood Fuel]. Lesnoy zhurnal [Forestry journal], 2017, no. 4, pp. 116–129.
7. Mikhaylov K.L., Gushchin V.A., Tarakanov A.M. Organizatsiya sbora i pererabotki lesosechnykh otkhodov i drov na lesoseke [Collection and Processing of Logging Residual and Firewood in a Felling Area]. Lesnoy zhurnal [Forestry journal], 2016, no. 6, pp. 98–109.
8. OST 56-69–83. Probnyye ploshchadi lesoustroitel’nyye. Metod zakladki [Industrial Standard 56-69–83. Inventory Sample Plots. Coupe Demarcation Method]. Moscow, 1983. 60 p.
9. Piir A.E., Melekhov V.I., Kuntysh V.B. Vybor drevesnogo topliva dlya maloy energetiki [Choice of Wood Fuel for Small-Scale Power Generation]. Lesnoy zhurnal [Forestry journal], 2014, no. 1, pp. 101–108.
10. Romanenko K.A., Bogdanovich N.I., Kanarskiy A.V. Polucheniye aktivnykh ugley pirolizom gidroliznogo lignina [Obtaining of Activated Carbons by Pyrolysis of Hidrolytic Lignin]. Lesnoy zhurnal [Forestry journal], 2017, no. 4, pp. 162–171.
11. Toropov A.S., Toropov S.A., Mikryukova E.V. Issledovaniye porazhennosti drevesiny napennoy gnil’yu [Investigation of Wood Affected by Stump Rot]. Lesnoy zhurnal [Forestry journal], 2009, no. 4, pp. 95–100.
12. Usol’tsev V.A. Rost i struktura fitomassy drevostoyev [Growth and Structure of Plant Phytomass]. Novosibirsk, Nauka Publ., 1988. 254 p. (In Russ.)
13. Ushakov A.I. Lesnaya taksatsiya i lesoustroystvo [Forest Taxation and Forest Management]. Moscow, MSFU Publ., 1997. 192 p. (In Russ.)
14. Bridgwater A.V. Renewable Fuels and Chemicals by Thermal Processing of Biomass. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2003, no. 91, iss. 2-3, pp. 87–102.
15. Helmisaari H.S., Hanssen K.H., Jacobson S., Kukkola M., Luiro J., Saarsalmi A., Tamminen P., Tveite B. Logging Residue Removal after Thinning in Nordic Boreal Forests: Long-Term Impact on Tree Growth. Forest Ecology and Management, 2011, vol. 261, iss. 11, pp. 1919–1927.
16. Victor D., Yueh L. The New Energy Order. Foreign Affairs, 2010, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 61–73.

Received on March 06, 2018

Distribution of Reserves of Wood Waste from Crowns in the Forest Fund of the Nizhny Novgorod Region