Address: 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk 163002 Russian Federation. Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V.Lomonosov. Office 1425

Phone / Fax: (818-2) 21-61-18



The Rationale for Implementation of Industrial Sawmilling Processes in the Logging Industry

Версия для печати
Creative Commons License
These works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

A.A. Tambi, I.V. Grigor'ev, O.A. Kunitskaya

Complete text of the article:

Download article (pdf, 0.6MB )






At present, the CTL technology of wood harvesting predominates in the Russian Federation, accounting for more than 70 % of the total volume. This is largely due to the traffic ban for timber carriers with tree lengths on highways. Logging enterprises do not make profit when constructing special forest roads without state support; so the volume of timber hauling has significantly decreased. In addition, due to the depletion of available forest tracts, the hauling distance of harvested wood often exceeds 250 km. This increases the transport component of the cost of harvested wood and reduces the economic efficiency of logging enterprises activity. It is especially not advantageous to transport loads with a low stacking factor and in terms of future finished products or semi-finished products, i.e., after deduction of the amount of waste that will be subsequently produced when processing wood. The paper presents the studies performed by the high-level review method of the account costs for round-wood harvesting determining the value of sawlogs, veneer logs and pulpwood. The forest harvesting operation under existing conditions can effectively sell commercial timber with a hauling distance not exceeding 65 km; at a hauling distance of 250 km, the share of transportation costs in the cost of round timber is 47 %. This is a determining factor in assessing the profitability of investment projects of the lumber factories. An increase in the timber harvesting volume providing modern sawmills by raw materials in the absence of construction of new addedvalue wood processing enterprises requires the creation of intermediate specialized timber terminals that ensure the production of sawn timber and pulpwood blanks.


A.A. Tambi, Doctor of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor
I.V. Grigor'ev, Doctor of Engineering Sciences, Professor
O.A. Kunitskaya, Doctor of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor


Yakut State Agricultural Academy, Sergelyakhskoe sh., Tretiy kilometr, 3, Yakutsk, 677007, Russian Federation; е-mail:,,


semi-subsistence wood, sawmill plant, timber terminal, economic efficiency of logging

For citation

Tambi A.A., Grigor’ev I.V., Kunitskaya O.A. The Rationale for Implementation of Industrial Sawmilling Processes in the Logging Industry. Lesnoy zhurnal [Forestry journal], 2017, no. 6, pp. 76–88. DOI: 10.17238/issn0536-1036.2017.6.76


1. Grigor'ev I.V., Grigor'eva O.I. Effektivnost' lesopol'zovaniya v Rossii [Efficiency of Forest Management in Russia]. Energiya: ekonomika, tekhnika, ekologiya [Energy], 2016, no. 5, pp. 24–30.
2. Grigor'ev I.V., Grigor'eva O.I., Nikiforova A.I., Glukhovskiy V.M. Perspektivnye napravleniya razvitiya tekhnologicheskikh protsessov lesosechnykh rabot [Perspective Directions of Development of Technological Processes of Logging Operations]. Trudy BGTU. Ser. 2: Lesnaya i derevoobrabatyvayushchaya promyshlennost' [Proceedings of BSTU. Ser. 2: Forest and Woodworking Industry], 2016, no. 2(184), pp. 109–116.
3. Grigor'ev I.V., Grigor'eva O.I., Nikiforova A.I., Kunitskaya O.A. Obosnovanie metodiki otsenki ekologicheskoy effektivnosti lesopol'zovaniya [Substantiation of the Technique for the Forest Management Ecological Efficiency Estimation]. Vestnik Krasnoyarskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta [The Bulletin of KrasGAU], 2012, no. 6, pp. 72–77.
4. Grigor'ev I.V., Tikhonov I.I., Kunitskaya O.A. Tekhnologiya i mashiny lesosechnykh rabot: ucheb. posobie [Technology and Machines for Logging Operations]. Saint Petersburg, Saint Petersburg State Forest Technical University Publ., 2013. 132 p. (In Russ.)
5. Kaliteevskiy R.E., Artemenkov A.M. Strukturno-dinamicheskiy analiz professional'nogo polya lesopileniya [Structural Dynamic Analysis of Professional Field of Sawmilling]. Lesnoy zhurnal [Forestry journal], 2013, no. 1(331), pp. 88–101.
6. Kaliteevskiy R.E., Artemenkov A.M., Tambi A.A., Gavryukov A.V. Opredelenie proizvodstvennoy moshchnosti lesopil'nykh predpriyatiy pri proektirovanii [Determination of Productive Capacity of Sawmills in Designing]. Lesnoy zhurnal [Forestry journal], 2008, no. 4, pp. 93–98.
7. Kunitskaya O.A. Obosnovanie napravleniy diversifikatsii obrabotki nizkotovarnoy drevesiny na kompleksnykh lesopromyshlennykh predpriyatiyakh s ispol'zovaniem innovatsionnykh tekhnologiy [Substantiation of Diversification Directions of Semi-Subsistence Wood Processing in Complex Timber Industry Enterprises Using Innovative Technologies]. Saint Petersburg, Saint Petersburg State Forest Technical University Publ., 2015. 250 p. (In Russ.)
8. Kunitskaya O.A. Skvoznye protsessy lesozagotovitel'nogo proizvodstva dlya lesopromyshlennykh kholdingov, vklyuchayushchikh machtopropitochnye zavody [Through Processes of Timber Production for Forest Holdings which Include Mastsoaking Plants]. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta lesa – Lesnoy vestnik [Forestry Bulletin], 2013, no. 1(93), pp. 81–85.
9. Laptsevich M. Zagotavlivat' toplivnuyu drevesinu ne vygodno [Fuelwood Harvesting is not Profitable]. Lesnaya industriya, 2014, no. 3(71). Available at:
(accessed 14.03.2017).
10. Laptsevich M. Stroitel'stvo lesnykh dorog [Forest Road Construction]. Lesnaya industriya, 2014, no. 1-2(69-70). Available at: (accessed 14.03.2017).
11. Piskunov M.A. Sistemy mashin i sebestoimost' polucheniya toplivnoy shchepy iz lesosechnykh otkhodov: opyt zarubezhnykh stran i ego prilozhenie dlya Rossii [Machine Systems and Cost Price of Fuel Forest Chip Production from Wood Cutting Wastes: Experience of Foreign Countries and Its Application for Russia]. Vestnik Krasnoyarskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta [The Bulletin of KrasGAU], 2013, no. 8, pp. 238–243.
12. Tambi A.A., Chubinskiy A.N. Otsenka sootvetstviya plotnosti drevesiny trebovaniyam k produktsii derevoobrabatyvayushchikh proizvodstv [Wood Density Evaluation of Compliance of the Woodworking Industries Production]. Lesnoy zhurnal [Forestry journal], 2016, no. 3, pp. 124–134.
13. Shegel'man I.R. Formirovanie skvoznykh tekhnologiy lesopromyshlennykh proizvodstv: nauchnye i prakticheskie aspekty [The Development of Cross-Cutting Technologies of Timber Industries: Scientific and Practical Issues]. Global'nyy nauchnyy potentsial [Global Scientific Potential], 2013, no. 8, pp. 119–122.
14. Gerasimov Yu., Sokolov A., Fjeld D. Improving Cut-to-length Operations Management in Russian Logging Companies Using a New Decision Support System. Baltic Forestry, 2013, vol. 19, no. 1(36), pp. 89-105.
15. Karjalainen T., Leinonen T., Gerasimov Y., Husso M., Karvinen S., eds. Intensification of Forest Management and Improvement of Wood Harvesting in Northwest Russia - Final Report of the Research Project. Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute 110, 2009. 151 p.
16. Sokolov A.P., Syunev V.S. A Toolset of Decision Support Systems for Wood Harvesting and Forest Bioenergy Logistics in Russia. Renewable Energy Sources and Clean Technologies: Proc. 14th Intern. Multidisciplinary Sci. Geoconf. SGEM 2014. Albena, Bulgaria. STEF92 Technology, 2014, vol. 1, pp. 3-10.
17. State of Finland’s Forest 2011. Forest Research Institute (Metla), Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, 2011. 98 p.
18. State of Europe’s Forests 2011. Status and Trends in Sustainable Forest Management in Europe. Ministerial Conf. on the Protection of Forests in Europe. Oslo, Norway, 2011. 344 p.
19. Viitala E.-J., Uotila E. Optimaalinen tietiheys yksityismetsatalouden kannalta. Metsatieteen aikakauskirja, 1999, no. 2, pp. 167–179.
20. Uotila E., Viitala E.-J. Tietiheys metsatalouden maalla. Metsatieteen aikakauskirja, 2000, no. 1, pp. 19-33.
Received on April 14, 2017

The Rationale for Implementation of Industrial Sawmilling Processes in the Logging Industry


Make a Submission


Lesnoy Zhurnal (Russian Forestry Journal) was awarded the "Seal of Recognition for Active Data Provider of the Year 2024"