Address: 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk 163002 Russian Federation. Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V.Lomonosov. Office 1425

Phone / Fax: (818-2) 21-61-18



Qualitative Productivization of Forest Stands is the Goal of Intensive Forestry

Версия для печати
Creative Commons License
These works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

O.I. Antonov

Complete text of the article:

Download article (pdf, 0.7MB )




DOI: 10.17238/issn0536-1036.2017.1.86


Properly organized forestry basically contains a concept of a forest growing cycle. The goal of this forestry is to produce high quality wood. In the properly built market forest relations the standing crop is a subject of sale. Under these conditions the forest management is capa-ble of producing income to the owner of the forests. Productivity and marketability of crops can be improved by regular, timely conducted, intensive thinning and application of mineral fertilizers; the quality of the formed timber can be improved by cutting branches of selected for further cultivation trees. These three silvicultural techniques are the comprehensive for-est care. Forest growing profitability is largely determined by thinning conducted in young and middle-aged stands. The main purpose of these thinning is to form the composition of cultivated crops, optimize the density and spatial distribution of trees. Commercial thinning allows commercial harvesting and earning extra income. The improvement of properties of manufactured wood can be achieved by multiple pruning. In the countries with developed forestry this approach is considered to be a necessary measure for thinning and almost clas-sic example of a profitable investment. 30-year study demonstrates the formation of high-quality branchless wood, which costs 4–10 times higher, as a result of the timely imple-mented three-stage pruning, carried out in combination with the regular thinning of the stands. When wood sawing the clean timber and timber assortments (sounding, aircraft) are obtained; when peeling or slicing the high-quality plywood veneer is produced. In this re-gard, pruning should be an obligatory measure as a means of long-term investments. Re-peated fertilizing of stands increases their productivity, which is observed for more than 10 years. Additional annual growth of wood is 1.5…2.0 m3/ha. The increasing of the actual soil fertility leads to the intense biocycling of fertilizer elements, acceleration of reconstructive processes in phytocenosis and its structural components.


O.I. Antonov, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor


Saint Petersburg State Forest Technical University under name of S.M. Kirov, Institutskiy per., 5, Saint Petersburg, 194021, Russian Federation; e-mail:


comprehensive forest care, thinning, pruning, fertilizationt of stands, wood quali-ty, proper forestry

For citation

Antonov O.I. Qualitative Productivization of Forest Stands is the Goal of Intensive Forestry. Lesnoy zhurnal [Forestry journal], 2017, no. 1, pp. 86–94. DOI: 10.17238/issn0536-1036.2017.1.86


1. Antonov O.I. Vliyanie obrezki vetvey na rost kul'tur i kachestvo drevesiny eli: dis. … kand. s.-kh. nauk [The Effect of Pruning on the Growth of Crops and the Quality of Spruce Wood: Cand. Agric. Sci. Diss.]. Saint Petersburg, 2000. 104 p.
2. Davydov A.V. Vliyanie somknutosti nasazhdeniya i rubok ukhoda za lesom na suchkovatost' i formu stvolov [The Influence of Stand Canopy Density and Thinning on the Branchiness and Stem Form]. Rubki ukhoda za lesom: sb. tr. Narkomles TsNIILKh [Proc. People's Committee of Forest of the Central Scientific Research Institute for Forestry “Thinning”]. Leningrad, 1940, pp. 5–49.
3. Danilov D.A. Vliyanie lesovodstvennykh ukhodov na sosnovo-elovye drevostoi chernichnogo tipa lesa [The Effect of Thinning on Pine and Spruce Stands of the Myrtillus-Type Forest]. Ekologicheskie problemy Arktiki i severnykh territoriy: mezhvuz. sb. nauch. tr. [Ecological Problems of the Arctic and Northern Territories]. Arkhangelsk, 2013, pp. 57–68.
4. Mel'nikov E.S. Lesovodstvennye osnovy teorii i praktiki kompleksnogo ukhoda za lesom: dis. … d-ra s.-kh. nauk [Silvicultural Foundations of the Theory and Practice of Comprehensive Forest Care: Dr. Agric. Sci. Diss.]. Saint Petersburg, 1999. 338 p.
5. Minin N.S. K metodam i sposobam issledovaniy anatomicheskogo stroeniya i plotnosti drevesiny drevostoev, formiruyushchikhsya pod vliyaniem lesokhozyaystvennykh meropriyatiy [The Methods and Techniques of Research of the Anatomical Structure and Wood Density of Stands, Formed Under the Influence of Forestry Activities]. Problemy lesovedeniya i lesovodstva: materialy III Melekhovskikh chteniy [Problems of Forest and Forestry: Proc. 3d Melehov’s Readings]. Arkhangelsk, 2005, pp. 140–144.
6. Paavilaynen E. Primenenie mineral'nykh udobreniy v lesu [Application of Fertiliz-er in the Forest]. Moscow, 1986. 96 p.
7. Pekkoev A.N. Kachestvo drevesiny kul'tur eli pri uskorennom lesovyrashchivanii [Wood Quality of Spruce Crops Under Intensive Growing]. Lesnoy zhurnal, 2016, no. 1, pp. 89–99.
8. Podoshvelev D.A. Sistema lesovodstvennykh meropriyatiy po uskorennomu vy-rashchivaniyu krupnomernoy i toplivnoy drevesiny: avtoref. dis. … kand. s.-kh. nauk [Silvi-cultural System of Intensive Cultivation of Large-Sized Wood and Firewood: Cand. Agric. Sci. Diss. Abs.]. Minsk, 2011. 21 p.
9. Ryabinin B.N. Predposylki povysheniya produktivnosti elovykh kul'tur pri prime-nenii azotnykh udobreniy i khimicheskikh ukhodov [The Background of Increasing Produc-tivity of Spruce Crops at the Application of Nitrogen Fertilizers and Chemical Care]. Tekhnologiya sozdaniya i ekologicheskie aspekty vyrashchivaniya vysokoproduktivnykh lesnykh kul'tur: sb. nauch. tr. [Technology of Creation and Environmental Aspects of the Cultivation of High-Yield Plantations]. Saint Petersburg, 1992, pp. 110–114.
10. Sokolov A.I., Pekkoev A.N., Kharitonov V.A. Rezul'taty pervykh opytnykh rabot po vyrashchivaniyu plantatsionnykh kul'tur sosny i eli v usloviyakh sredney taygi Karelii [The Results of the First Experimental Work on the Cultivation of Plantation Pine and Spruce Crops in the Middle Taiga of Karelia]. Innovatsii i tekhnologii v lesnom khozyaystve: materialy II Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. [Innovations and Technologies in Forestry: Proc. 2nd Int. Sci. Prac. Conf.]. Saint Petersburg, 2012, part 2, pp. 177–181.
11. Starostin V.A. Vliyanie obrezki vetvey na rost kul'tur sosny: dis. … kand. s.-kh. nauk [The Effect of Pruning on the Growth of Pine: Cand. Agric. Sci. Diss.]. Leningrad, 1984. 110 p.
12. Stepanenko I.I. Kriterii i indikatory rosta, produktivnosti lesnykh nasazhdeniy pri ikh intensivnom vyrashchivanii [Criteria and Indicators of Growth, Productivity of Forest Stands Under Their Intensive Cultivation]. Lesnoy zhurnal, 2015, no. 4, pp. 18–27.
13. Stepanenko I.I. Vliyanie intensivnykh metodov lesovyrashchivaniya s vneseniem mineral'nykh udobreniy na fiziko-mekhanicheskie svoystva drevesiny sosny [The Effect of Intensive Methods of Forest Cultivation with Application of Mineral Fertilizers on the Phys-ical and Mechanical Properties of Pine Wood]. Lesokhozyaystvennaya informatsiya [Forest-ry Information], 2008, no. 5, pp. 3–10.
14. Tkachenko M.E. Obshchee lesovodstvo [General Forestry]. Leningrad, 1939. 746 p.
15. Shutov I.V. Vekhi lesnogo khozyaystva Rossii [The Milestones in the Russian Forestry]. Saint Petersburg, 2012. 284 p.
16. Arvidson A. Pruning for Quality. Small Scale Forestry, 1986, no. 1, pp. 1–7.
17. Axel R. Wirtschaftlichkeit der Wertastung. Allgemeine Forst Zeitschrift fur Waldwirtschaft und Umweltsorge, 1989. Bd. 44–45. Ss. 1188–1190.
18. Finnish Statistical Yearbook of Forestry 2014. Available at: julkaisut/ metsatilastollinenvsk.
19. Scholzke D. Die Astung von Fichtenbestanden in der Bundesrepublik Deutsch-land. Forstund Holzwirt, 1982. Bd. 12. Ss. 307–308, 310, 312, 314.
20. Tonewood. Available at: (accessed 31.10.16).
21. Uleberg I. Kunstig kvisting som kvalitetsforbedrende tiltak. Norsk. Skogbruk, 1976, no. 2, pp. 9–10.
22. Vuokila Y. Karsiminen ja kasvu. Metsantutkimuslaitoksen julkaisuja, 1968, no. 66, p. 5.
Received on February 26, 2016

Qualitative Productivization of Forest Stands is the Goal of Intensive Forestry


Make a Submission


Lesnoy Zhurnal (Russian Forestry Journal) was awarded the "Seal of Recognition for Active Data Provider of the Year 2024"