Address: 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk 163002 Russian Federation. Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V.Lomonosov. Office 1425

Phone / Fax: (818-2) 21-61-18



Trautvetter’s Maple Regeneration Potential in the Mountain Forests of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania

Версия для печати
Creative Commons License
These works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Kh.M. Khetagurov

Complete text of the article:

Download article (pdf, 0.4MB )




DOI: 10.17238/issn0536-1036.2017.1.30


Trautvetter’s maple or high-mountain maple (Acer Trautvetteri Medv.) is a forest-forming spe-cies in the forests of North Ossetia. Growing in the mountains at a height of 1100…2500 meters above sea level, it forms the simple structured stands. As a rule, Trautvetter’s maple forms pure maple forests at the upper boundary of its distribution and mixed maple forests at the bottom. The objects of research are pure and mixed maple forests in some natural boundaries of the Re-public of North Ossetia–Alania. They are located in various conditions of mountainous relief and at different height above sea level. The goal of research is an assessment of regeneration potential of high-mountain maple forests and the success of natural regeneration of Trautvetter’s maple in different conditions of the distribution area. Conventionally, we divided the site strip of maple forests into three zones: the upper zone – 1601 m above sea level and more; the medium belt – 1251…1600 m above sea level; the lower zone – 1250 m above sea level and less. Regeneration potential of the high-mountain maple forests is implemented both by seed and vegetative propa-gation. Under the canopy of the stand the undergrowth of vegetative origin is dominated. The young growth of seed origin is found in exposed places, in mineralized areas. The num-ber of such undergrowth is rarely more than 600 trees per Ha. Although the undergrowth of vegetative origin predominates, its mortality is some times greater than that of seed origin. Despite a large supply of seeds (25.8…58.4 thousand pcs./Ha), the natural regeneration of maple by seeds under the canopy of the parent stand is very difficult due to the strong grass cover, the dense leaf litter layer, mass seed damage by entomofauna and diseases. The ground shade density is 0.2…0.3 % of the shade density in the exposed place.


Kh.M. Khetagurov, Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor


Gorsky State Agrarian University, ul. Kirova, 37, Vladikavkaz, 362040, Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russian Federation; e-mail:


high-mountain maple forest, Trautvetter’s maple, natural regeneration, under-growth, understory, plant stand

For citation

Khetagurov Kh.M. Trautvetter’s Maple Regeneration Potential in the Mountain Forests of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania. Lesnoy zhurnal [Forestry journal], 2017, no. 1, pp. 30–39. DOI: 10.17238/issn0536-1036.2017.1.30


1. Vatsadze G. Vegetativnoe razmnozhenie klena vysokogornogo i graba kavkazskogo v usloviyakh Lagodekhskogo goszapovednika [Vegetative Reproduction of High-Mountain Maple and Caucasian Hornbeam in the Lagodekhi State Natural Reserve]. Zapovedniki Gruzii, 1969, vol. 1, pp. 19–36.
2. Gryaz'kin A.V. Vliyanie metoda na tochnost' i dostovernost' rezul'tatov issledovaniya [The Impact of the Method on the Accuracy and Reliability of the Results of Research]. Izvestia Sankt-Peterburgskoj lesotehniceskoj akademii (Izvestia SPbLTA), 1999, pp. 12–18.
3. Gryaz'kin A.V. Vozobnovitel'nyy potentsial taezhnykh lesov (na primere el'nikov Severo-Zapada Rossii) [Regeneration Potential of the Boreal Forests (the Case of Spruce Forests of the North-West of Russia)]. Saint Petersburg, 2001. 188 p.
4. Gryaz'kin A.V. Ratsional'naya khozyaystvennaya deyatel'nost' kak sposob realizatsii vozobnovitel'nogo potentsiala lesnykh ekosistem [Rational Economic Activity as the Way of Regeneration of Forest Ecosystems Potential]. Lesnoy zhurnal, 2007, no. 5, pp. 36–44.
5. Kachalov A.A. Derev'ya i kustarniki [Trees and Shrubs]. Moscow, 1970. 408 p.
6. Medvedev Ya.S. Kavkazskiy podal'piyskiy klen (Acer Trautvetteri) [Caucasian Alpine Maple (Acer Trautvetteri)]. Izvestiya Kavkazskogo obshchestva lyubiteley estestvoz-naniya i Al'piyskogo kluba, 1880, vol. 2, pp. 9–11.
7. Pogrebnyak P.S. Osnovy lesnoy tipologii [Fundamentals of Forest Typology]. Kiev, 1955. 452 p.
8. Sukachev V.N., Zonn S.V. Metodicheskie ukazaniya k izucheniyu tipov lesa [Guidelines for the Forest Types Study]. Moscow, 1961. 144 p.
9. Khetagurov Kh.M. Osobennosti struktury i problemy vosproizvodstva vysokogornykh klenovnikov Severnoy Osetii–Alanii: dis. … kand. biol. nauk [Features of the Structure and Prob-lems of Regeneration of High-Mountain Maple Forests in North Ossetia–Alania: Cand. Biol. Sci. Diss.]. Saint Petersburg, 2006. 186 p.
10. Khetagurov Kh.M., Gryaz'kin A.V. Vysokogornye klenovniki Severnoy Osetii [High-Mountain Maple Forests of North Ossetia]. Saint Petersburg, 2013. 106 p.
11. Khetagurov Kh.M., Nikolaev I.A., Bazaev A.B. Klen Trautfettera v RSO–Alaniya [Trautvetter’s Maple in the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania]. Izvestiya Gorskogo gosudar-stvennogo agrarnogo universiteta [Proceedings of Gorsky State Agrarian University], 2014, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 284–289.
12. B?lek L., Reme? J., Zahradn?k D. Natural Regeneration of Senescent Even-Aged Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) Stands Under the Conditions of Central Bohemia. J. of Forest Science, 2009, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 145–155.
13. Forman R.T.T., Gordon M. Landscape Ecology. New York, 1986. 640 p.
14. Harvey B.D., Bergeron Y. Site Patterns of Natural Regeneration Following Clear-Cutting in Northwestern Quebec. Can. J. For. Res., 1989, vol. 19(11), pp. 1458–1469.
15. Puckett S.T.A., Cadenasso M.L. Landscape Ecology: Spatial Heterogeneity in Ecological Systems. Science, 1995, no. 269(5222), pp. 331–334.
16. Scholz E. Blutenmorphologische und biologische Untersuchungen bei Acer plat-anoides L. und Acer pseudoplatanus L. Der Zuchter, 1960. Bd. 30. Ss. 11–16.
17. Wolf E. Acer Trautvetteri Medw. – Kaukasischer Hochgebirgsahorn. Gartenflo-ra, 1981. Bd. 40. Ss. 263–266.
Received on April 08, 2016

Trautvetter’s Maple Regeneration Potential in the Mountain Forests of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania


Make a Submission


Lesnoy Zhurnal (Russian Forestry Journal) was awarded the "Seal of Recognition for Active Data Provider of the Year 2024"