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Alternative Method for the Pine Turpentine Production by Supеrcritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction

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S. Bakier,  E. Bayko, N.V. Chernaya, V.L. Fleysher

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A method for the pine turpentine production by supеrcritical carbon dioxide extraction is an alternative method, based on the use of organic solvents such as benzine, petroleum-ether, etc. The essence of this method consists in the Pinus sylvestris L. wood sawdust or “mono-lith” treatment by carbon dioxide at a pressure up to 50 MPa and a temperature up to 100 °C. The carbon dioxide dosage in the extraction process is 20...100 kg per 1 kg of raw material, the extraction duration is up to 240 min. The experiments are conducted at the sin-gle- and two-stage separation. The single-stage separation is conducted by the decompres-sion up to 5.3 MPa at a temperature of 27 °C. Two-stage separation is initially conducted at a pressure of 21 MPa at a temperature of 50 °C, then at a pressure up to 5.3 MPa at 27 °C. In all experiments after pressure decreasing CO2 was compressed again and used in a closed loop circuit. The supercritical extraction products of Pinus sylvestris L. wood are the pow-dered rosin and turpentinic extract, the total output of which amounts by 25 % by wood weight. The results of these studies testify the following advantages of this method com-pared to the traditional one: the turpentine obtaining of dry pinewood in a monolithic or particulate form; a lack of change in the structure of the wood raw material; reduction of labour intensity and of the process duration of oleoresin exudation from wood; no environ-mental pollution. The conducted experiments showed that the obtained powdered rosin and turpentinic extract are pure and high-quality products consisting of mainly (up to 56.9 %) rosin acids (isopimaric, pimaric, dehydroabietic, abietic). The introduction of the supercriti-cal extraction of pinewood into production will allow obtaining a significant amount of pure oleoresin materials without high technological costs.


S. Bakier1, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor E. Bayko1, Master N.V. Chernaya2, Doctor of Engineering Sciences, Professor V.L. Fleysher2, Candidate of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor


1Bialystok University of Technology, Pilsudskiy str., 8, Hajn?wka, 17-200, Poland;
2Belarusian State Technological University, Sverdlova ul., 13a, Minsk, 220006, Belarus;


pinewood, extractive, turpentine, rosin acid, extraction, supеrcritical extraction, carbon dioxide.

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Bakier S., Bayko E., Chernaya N.V., Fleysher V.L. Alternative Method for the Pine Turpentine Production by Supеrcritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction. Lesnoy zhurnal (Forestry journal), 2016, no. 6, pp. 130–141. DOI: 10.17238/issn0536-1036.2016.6.130


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Received on April 11, 2016

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