Fraud Warning
We officially declare that NO MONEY from authors and members of the Editorial Board IS CHARGED! A big request to ignore spam e-mails.

Address: 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk 163002 Russian Federation. Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V.Lomonosov. Office 1425

Phone / Fax: (818-2) 21-61-18
E-mail: forest@narfu.ru
http://lesnoizhurnal.ru/en/

Lesnoy Zhurnal

Influence of Coagulation Treatment on the Efficiency of Lignin Containing Wastewater Purification

Версия для печати

E.L. Sedova, K.B. Vorontsov, S.A. Burkova

Complete text of the article:

Download article (pdf, 1.3MB )

UDС

628.314

DOI:

10.17238/issn0536-1036.2019.4.159

Annotation

An effective way to remove lignin substances from the effluents of pulp and paper mills is the coagulants treatment. According to the local treatment scheme, lignin-containing waste water is treated separately, i.e. before mixing with the general flow of the enterprise. To study the efficiency of the process of coagulation of lignin by aluminum- and iron-containing reagents, it is proposed to apply the response surface methodology, namely – the rotatable central composition plan of the second order for three factors. The object of research was model water containing 400 mg/l sulfate lignin. The effect of coagulant dosage, pH and duration of wastewater treatment on the degree of lignin and chromaticity purification was studied. All the derived models were verified to be adequate. Response surfaces were constructed to demonstrate the effect of regime parameters on the output characteristics. It was found that pH and coagulant dosage have a significant effect on the efficiency of lignin removal. The optimal pH and dosage intervals for the studied reagents were determined: aluminum sulfate and oxychloride, aluminum alum and iron sulfate (III). The duration of coagulant treatment in the range from 1 to 4 minutes has no effect on the degree of purification. The best results were obtained using aluminum oxychloride: lignin and chromaticity purification efficiency exceeded 90 % under the following optimal conditions: pH 6,7...7,0, dosage – 50...55 mg Al2O3/l.

Authors

E.L. Sedova, Postgraduate Student; ORCID:0000-0003-0903-7304
K.B. Vorontsov, Candidate of Engineering, Assoc. Prof.; ResearcherID: P-2313-2019, ORCID: 0000-0001-6369-7245
S.A. Burkova, Master; ORCID: 0000-0003-1710-8280

Authors job

Nothern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, 17, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation; e-mail: lelenasedova@mail.ru, k.vorontsov@narfu.ruburkovasv@bk.ru

Keywords

coagulation, coagulant, wastewater treatment, planned experiment, pulp and paper industry

For citation

Sedova E.L., Burkova S.A., Vorontsov K.B. Influence of Coagulation Treatment on the Efficiency of Lignin Containing Wastewater Purification. Lesnoy Zhurnal [Forestry Journal], 2019, no. 4, pp.159–167. DOI: 10.17238/issn0536-1036.2019.4.159

References

1. Аndreev А.I., Selyanina S.B., Bogdanovich N.I. Sorption Properties of the Shortand Long Fiber Sulfate Lignins. Khimija Rastitel’nogo Syrya , 2012, no. 2, pp. 33–39.
2. Bayborodin A.M., Vorontsov K.B., Bogdanovich N.I. Coagulation Treatment of Heavily Polluted Flow at DPC-3 “Arkhangel’sk Pulp and Paper Mill, PLC”. Lesnoy Zhurnal, 2012, no. 4.
3. Bajborodin A.M., Voroncov K.B., Bogdanovich N.I. Elaboration of the System of the Heavily Polluted Flows Treatment at a Pulp and Paper Mill. Water: Kimiya i Ekologiya, 2011, no. 8, pp. 16–21.
4. Bogdanovich N.I. et al. Design of Experiment in the Examples and Calculaions. Arkhangelsk, NARFU Publ., 2010.
5. Varakin E.A. et al. Impact of The Waste Water of a Pulp Production on the Oxidizing Ability of the Microorganisms at the Sewage Treatment Plant. Vestnik Kazanskogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta , 2015, vol.18. no. 7.
6. Getmancev S.V., Nechaev I.A., Gandurina L.V. Treatment of the Industrial Waste Water by the Means of Coagulants and Floctuants. Moscow, Association of the Construction Engineering Institutes Publ., 2008.
7. Dyagileva А.B., Chernoberezhskij Yu.M. Colloidal-Chemical Aspects of the Lignin Impurities Clearing of the Waste Water. Part 2. Tsellyuloza. Bumaga. Karton . 2009, no.8. pp. 74–78.
8. Linevich S.N., Getmancev S.V. Coagulative Method of Water Treatment. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2007.
9. Lichutina T.F. Ecological Assessment of the Pulp and Paper Enterprises Activity. Advanced Direction of the Effluents Recovery. Rossijskiy khimicheskiy zhurnal, 2011, no. 1, pp. 101–107.
10. Smirnova А.I., Dyagileva А.B. Mechanism of Formig of the Organo-mineral Structures Based on the Sulfate Lignin and Aluminium-containing Components. Lesnoj Zhurnal, 2011, no. 6, pp. 112–118.
11. Khabarov Yu.G. Lignins Determination Methods. Lesnoj Zhurnal, 2004, no. 3, pp. 86–102.
12. Shtamm E.V. et al. Character of the Toxic Impact of the Pulp and Paper Mills Waste Water on the Hydrologic Systems. Khmicheskaya Fizika. 2015, vol. 34, no. 6, p. 22.
13. Birjandi N., Younesi H., Bahramifar N. Treatment of Wastewater Effluents From Paper-recycling Plants by Coagulation Process and Otimization of Treatment Conditions With Response Surface Methodology. Applied Water Science, 2016, vol. 6, no.4. pp. 339–348.
14. Chernoberezhskii Y.M. et al. Recovery of Kraft Lignin From Aqueous Solutions with Oxotitanium Sulfate, Aluminum Sulfate, and Their Mixture. Russian journal of applied chemistry, 2002, vol. 75, no.10, pp. 1696–1699.
15. Irfan M. et al. The Removal of COD, TSS and Colour of Black Liquor by Coagulation–Flocculation Process at Optimized pH, Settling and Dosing Rate. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 2017, vol. 10, pp. S2307–S2318.
16. Kamali M., Khodaparast Z. Review on Recent Developments on Pulp and Paper Mill Wastewater Treatment. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2015, vol. 114, pp. 326–342.
17. Lindholm-Lehto P.C. et al. Refractory Organic Pollutants and Toxicity in Pulp and Paper Mill Wastewaters. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2015, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 6473–6499.
18. Tir M., Moulai-Mostefa N. Optimization of Oil Removal From Oily Wastewater by Electrocoagulation Using Response Surface Method. Journal Of Hazardous Materials, 2008, vol. 158, no.1, pp. 107–115.
19. Trinh T.K., Kang L.S. Application of Response Surface Method as an Experimental Design to Optimize Coagulation Tests. Environmental Engineering Research, 2010, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 63–70.
20. Trinh T.K., Kang L.S. Response Surface Methodological Approach to Optimize the Coagulation–Flocculation Process in Drinking Water Treatment. Chemical Engineering Research And Design, 2011, vol. 89, no. 7, pp. 1126–1135.

Received on June 19, 2019


Influence of Coagulation Treatment on the Efficiency of Lignin Containing Wastewater Purification

 

INDEXED IN: