Fraud Warning
We officially declare that NO MONEY from authors and members of the Editorial Board IS CHARGED! A big request to ignore spam e-mails.

Address: 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk 163002 Russian Federation. Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V.Lomonosov. Office 1425

Phone / Fax: (818-2) 21-61-18

Lesnoy Zhurnal

Experimental Study of the Woodworking Dynamics with End Milling Cutters

Версия для печати

V.I. Melekhov, L.V. Kremleva, T.V. Tyurikova, E.V. Sazanova, D.A. Luzhansky, V.A. Slutskov

Complete text of the article:

Download article (pdf, 0.7MB )




10.17238/ issn0536-1036.2019.4.146


Efficient operation of modern multifunctional woodworking centers with computer numerical control (CNC) is associated with the creation of rational designs of end milling cutters for multi-axis processing. The research purpose is an experimental study of the dynamic parameters of wood processing with end milling cutters and their influence on the surface roughness depending on the structural elements of the tool. The varying structural elements of the cutters are the cutting edge inclination, the teeth number, the circular pitch irregularity and the presence of chip separation grooves on the cutting edges. A set of experimental milling cutters with various structural elements was used in the research. Cutting experiments were performed under the production conditions with the use of vibration-measuring complex (Brüel & Kjær). Factorial designs of studies, methods of vibration measurements and processing of vibroacoustic signals are given. The article presents the qualitative assessment of the degree of influence of various structural elements of end milling cutters on the vibractivity of processing pine and oak wood. On average, the vibration level during the processing of oak blanks is higher by 60–75 % in comparison with pine blanks; while the roughness of the treated surface differs only by 10–20 %. A steady correlation between the level of vibrations and the roughness of the treated surface was found. Increasing the cutting edge inclination, the teeth number, as well as the presence of chip separation grooves reduces vibrations and helps to improve the condition of the treated surface for both wood species. The influence of circular tooth pitch irregularity on the studied parameters is ambiguous.


V.I. Melekhov1, Doctor of Engineering, Prof.; ResearcherID: Q-1051-2019, ORCID: 0000-0002-2583-3012
L.V. Kremleva1, Doctor of Engineering, Prof.; ResearcherID: T-5916-2018, ORCID: 0000-0002-8982-2603
T.V. Tyurikova1, Candidate of Engineering, Assoc. Prof.; ResearcherID: P-8991-2019, ORCID: 0000-0002-3592-310X
E.V. Sazanova1, Candidate of Economics, Assoc. Prof.; ResearcherID: G-8650-2019, ORCID: 0000-0001-5731-7517
D.A. Luzhansky2, Engineer; ResearcherID: P-9154-2019, ORCID: 0000-0001-9347-3306
V.A. Slutskov2, Engineer; ResearcherID: P-7597-2019, ORCID: 0000-0003-4032-4635

Authors job

1Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, 17, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation; e-mail:
2JSC PO Sevmash, sh. Arkhangel’skoe, 58, Severodvinsk, Arkhangelsk region, 164500, Russian Federation; e-mail:


milling cutters with spiral leads, processing vibroactivity, spectral characteristics, mean square values of vibration acceleration, surface condition

For citation

Melekhov V.I., Kremleva L.V., Tyurikova T.V., Sazanova E.V., Luzhansky D.V., Slutskov V.A. Experimental Study of the Woodworking Dynamics with End Milling Cutters. Lesnoy Zhurnal [Forestry Journal], 2019, no. 4, pp. 146–158. DOI: 10.17238/ issn0536-1036.2019.4.146


1. Andreev V.N. Cutting Tool Improvement. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1993. 240 p.
2. Vorobjev A.A., Spitsyn I.N., Filippov J.A. Modeling of Quality of Processing and Dynamics of Work Woodcutting of Machine Tools. Spravochnik. Inzhenernyi zhurnal [Handbook. An Engineering Journal], 2012, no. 3, pp. 37–41.
3. Vorobjev A.A., Filippov J.A. Dependence Determination of the Wood Surface Roughness on the Machine Vibration Parameters. Derevoobrabativaushaya promishlennost’ [Woodworking industry], 2010, no. 2, pp. 6–7.
4. Genkin M.D., Sokolova A.G. Vibroacoustic Diagnostics of Vehicles and Machinery. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1987. 288 p.
5. Glebov I.T. Wood Cutting: Educational Textbook. Yekaterinburg, USFEU Publ., 2007. 228 p.
6. Glebov I.T. Dependencies of Micro-Roughness Height of Processed Surface on Some Factors of Cylinder Milling. Lesnoy Zhurnal [Forestry Journal], 2010, no. 1, pp. 99–104.
7. Ivanovskiy E.G., Vasilevskaya P.V., Lautner E.M. Milling and Sawing of Wood and Wood-Based Materials. Moscow, Lesnaya promyshlennost’ Publ., 1971. 96 p.
8. Kryazhev N.A. Wood Milling. Moscow, Lesnaya promyshlennost’ Publ., 1979. 200 p.
9. Manzhos F.M. Wood Cutting Machines: Textbook for Universities. Moscow, Lesnaya promyshlennost’ Publ., 1974. 454 p.
10. Iskra P., Hernández R.E. Toward a Process Monitoring and Control of a CNC Wood Router: Development of an Adaptive Control System for Routing White Birch. Wood and Fiber Science, 2010, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 523–535.
11. Iskra P., Tanaka C. The Influence of Wood Fiber Direction, Feed Rate, and Cutting Width on Sound Intensity during Routing. Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff [European Journal of Wood and Wood Products], 2005, vol. 63, iss. 3, pp. 167–172. DOI: 10.1007/s00107-004-0541-7
12. Li Z.Z., Zhang Z.H., Zheng L. Feedrate Optimization for Variant Milling Process Based on Cutting Force Prediction. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 2004, vol. 24, iss. 7-8, pp. 541–552. DOI: 10.1007/s00170-003-1700-4
13. Palmqvist J., Lenner M., Gustafsson S.-I. Cutting-Forces When Up-Milling in Beech. Wood Science and Technology, 2005, vol. 39, iss. 8, pp. 674–684. DOI: 10.1007/s00226-005-0010-4
14. Raju K.V.M.K., Janardhana G.R., Kumar P.N., Rao V.D.P. Optimization of Cutting Conditions for Surface Roughness in CNC End Milling. International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, 2011, vol. 12, iss. 3, pp. 383–391. DOI: 10.1007/s12541-011-0050-7
15. Sun Y., Li D., Ren F., Guo D. Predictive Force Model Based Variable Feedrate Scheduling for High-Efficiency NC Machining. Proceedings of the ICIRA: International Conference on Intelligent Robotics and Applications, Wuhan, China, October 15–17, 2008. Berlin, Springer, 2008, pp. 1076–1085. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-88518-4_115

Received on September 28, 2018

Experimental Study of the Woodworking Dynamics with End Milling Cutters